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Long NameOutcome Measures NCI Standard Template
DefinitionThe collection of CDEs used in the outcome measures module.
ContextcaBIG
Protocol Long NameNCI Standard Template Forms
WorkflowDRAFT NEW
TypeCRF
Public ID2857361
Version1.0
Module Long NameModule InstructionsQuestionCDECDE Public IDCDE VersionQuestion InstructionsValue Domain Data TypeValue Domain Unit of MeasureDisplay FormatValid ValueForm Value Meaning TextForm Value Meaning Desc.
Mandatory Outcome Measures QuestionsThese items must be included when this data is collected for reporting.
Participant Vital StatusParticipant Vital Status Type28473301.0CHARACTER
AliveLifeLife; the organic phenomenon that distinguishes living organisms from nonliving ones.
DeadDeathThe absence of life or state of being dead.
UnknownUnknownNot known, not observed, not recorded, or refused.
UnspecifiedUnspecifiedNot stated explicitly or in detail.
Was disease status evaluated during this reporting period?Disease Status Evaluation Current Report Period Indicator28473361.0CHARACTER
NoNoThe non-affirmative response to a question.
YesYesThe affirmative response to a question or activity.
Conditional Outcome Measures QuestionsThere are business rules to indicate situations under which these elements should be used on a case report form.
Date of Most Recent Disease Status EvaluationDisease Status Evaluation Current Report Period Date28572411.0If disease status was evaluated this period then include this question.DATEDD/MON/YYYY
Method of Disease Status EvaluationAssessment Method Type23095.0If disease status was evaluated this period then include this question.CHARACTER
2-D Echocardiogram2-D Echocardiogram2-D Echocardiogram
Abdominal CTAbdominal CT-scanAbdominal CT-scan
Abdominal MRIAbdominal MRIMagnetic Resonance Imaging of the abdomen.
AutopsyAutopsyAutopsy; an examination and dissection of a dead body to determine cause of death or the changes produced by disease.
Axillary dissectionAXILLARY DISSECTIONAXILLARY DISSECTION
Bilateral mammogramBilateral mammogramBilateral mammogram
Bimanual examinationBIMANUAL EXAMINATIONBIMANUAL EXAMINATION
BiopsyBiopsyThe removal of tissue specimens or fluid from the living body for microscopic examination, performed to establish a diagnosis.
Biopsy otherBiopsyThe removal of tissue specimens or fluid from the living body for microscopic examination, performed to establish a diagnosis.
Bone scanBONE SCANA nuclear imaging method used to evaluate pathological bone metabolism.
BronchoscopyBronchoscopyA procedure in which a thin, lighted tube is inserted through the nose or mouth. NCI Concept Code C16366
CEACarcinoembryonic AntigenCarcinoembryonic antigen. A substance that is sometimes found in an increased amount in the blood of people with certain cancers.
Chest CTChest RadiographyAn x-ray examination of the chest.
Chest x-rayChest X-RayChest X-Ray
ClinicalClinicalHaving to do with the examination and treatment of patients.
Clinical examinationCLINICAL EXAMINATION (PE)CLINICAL EXAMINATION (PE)
ColonoscopyColonoscopyEndoscopic examination of the luminal surface of the colon.
Colonscopy/proctoscopyColonscopy/proctoscopyAn examination of the rectum using a thin, lighted tube called a proctoscope or An examination of the inside of the colon using a thin, lighted tube (called a colonoscope).
ColposcopyColposcopyColposcopy
Contralateral mammogramContralateral mammogramAn x-ray picture of the breast not involved with the primary tumor.
Contrast enhanced CT scan/CT perfusion examCONTRAST ENHANCED CT SCANContrast enhanced computed tomography scan
Core biopsyCore BiopsyThe removal of a tissue sample using a needle with a relatively large diameter, for microscopic examination.
CT of Abdomen/PelvisCT of Abdomen/PelvisCT of Abdomen/Pelvis
CT scanCT ScanCT Scan
CT/MRI scanCT/MRI scanComputed tomographic and magnetic image resonance scan
CystoscopyCystoscopy(sist-OSS-ko-pee) Examination of the bladder and urethra using a thin, lighted instrument (called a cystoscope) inserted into the urethra. Tissue samples can be removed and examined under a microscope to determine whether disease is present.
Cytologic confirmationCytologic confirmationCytologic confirmation
CytologyCYTOLOGYCYTOLOGY
Cytoscopycytoscopycytoscopy
Diagnostic ImagingDiagnostic ImagingAny method that uses a visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation..
DifferentialDIFFERENTIALevaluation by differential
Digital rectal examDigital Rectal ExaminationDigital rectal examination. An examination in which a doctor inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum to feel for abnormalities.
Direct inspectionDIRECT INSPECTIONDIRECT INSPECTION
Ductal lavageDUCTAL LAVAGEDUCTAL LAVAGE
Ductoscopic biopsyDUCTOSCOPIC BIOPSYDUCTOSCOPIC BIOPSY
EchocardiogramECHOCARDIOGRAMA procedure that uses ultrasonic waves directed over the chest wall to obtain a graphic record of the heart's position, motion of the walls, or internal parts such as the valves.
EKGEKGA procedure to assess heart function using an electrocardiogram (EKG) device
EndoscopyENDOSCOPYENDOSCOPY
Endoscopy with biopsyEndoscopy with biopsyEndoscopy with biopsy
Evaluated but no disease foundEvaluated but no disease foundEvaluated but no disease found
Excisional biopsy or lumpectomyEXCISIONAL BIOPSY OR LUMPECTOMYEXCISIONAL BIOPSY OR LUMPECTOMY
Excisional biopsy or lumpectomy, with wire localizationLUMPECTOMY, WITH WIRE LOCALIZATIONLUMPECTOMY, WITH WIRE LOCALIZATION
Excisional biopsy with frozen sectionExcisional biopsy with frozen sectionExcisional biopsy with frozen section
Fine needle aspiration biopsyFINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION BIOPSYBiopsy by a fine needle aspiration technique
Fine needle aspiration biopsy, with wire localizationFINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION BIOPSY WITH WIRE LOCALIZATIONBiopsy by a fine needle aspiration technique using wire localization
Flow cytometry, cerebrospinal fluidFlow cytometry, cerebrospinal fluidFlow cytometry, cerebrospinal fluid
Fluid cytology, ascitesFLUID CYTOLOGY, ASCITESFLUID CYTOLOGY, ASCITES
Fluid cytology, cerebrospinal fluidFLUID CYTOLOGY, CEREBROSPINAL FLUIDFLUID CYTOLOGY, CEREBROSPINAL FLUID
Fluid cytology, pleuralFLUID CYTOLOGY, PLEURALFLUID CYTOLOGY, PLEURAL
Gallium scanGallium ScanGallium Scan
Histologichistologichistologic
Histologic confirmationHistologic confirmationHistologic confirmation
HistologyHISTOLOGYHISTOLOGY
Incisional biopsyINCISIONAL BIOPSYINCISIONAL BIOPSY
Incisional biopsy, with wire localizationINCISIONAL BIOPSY, WITH WIRE LOCALIZATIONINCISIONAL BIOPSY, WITH WIRE LOCALIZATION
Intraoperative ultrasoundINTRAOPERATIVE ULTRASOUNDINTRAOPERATIVE ULTRASOUND
Ipsilateral Axilla UltrasoundIpsilateral Axilla UltrasoundIpsilateral Axilla Ultrasound
Ipsilateral mammogramIpsilateral mammogramAn x-ray picture of the breast with the primary tumor.
IVPIntravenous PyelogramIntravenous Pyelogram
LaparoscopyLAPAROSCOPYLAPAROSCOPY
LaparotomyLAPAROTOMYLAPAROTOMY
LymphangiogramLymphangiogramNo Value Exists
MammogramMAMMOGRAMMAMMOGRAM
MastectomyMASTECTOMYSurgical removal of the breast.
MRI (NMR)MRIMagnetic Resonance Imaging
MRI of Abdomen/PelvisMRI of Abdomen/PelvisMRI of Abdomen/Pelvis
MRI scanMRI scanMRI scan
MSK NomogramNomogramsGraphical representation of a statistical model containing scales for calculating the prognostic weight of a value for each individual variable. Nomograms are instruments that can be used to predict outcomes using specific clinical parameters. They use ALGORITHMS that incorporate several variables to calculate the predicted probability that a patient will achieve a particular clinical endpoint.
MUGA scanMUGA ScanMUGA Scan
Needle biopsy (tru-cut or core)NEEDLE BIOPSY (TRU-CUT OR CORE)NEEDLE BIOPSY (TRU-CUT OR CORE)
Needle biopsy (tru-cut or core), with wire localization)NEEDLE BIOPSY (TRU-CUT OR CORE), WITH WIRE LOCALIZATIONNEEDLE BIOPSY (TRU-CUT OR CORE), WITH WIRE LOCALIZATION
Nipple fluidNIPPLE FLUIDNIPPLE FLUID
Not applicableNot ApplicableDetermination of a value is not relevant in the current context.
Not doneNOT DONENOT DONE
Not evaluatedNot EvaluatedNot Evaluated
OtherOTHERDifferent than the one(s) previously specified or mentioned.
Other, specifyOther, specifyOther, specify
PalpationPalpationPalpation
PathologicPATHOLOGICPATHOLOGIC
Pelvic CTPelvic CTPelvic computed tomography
Pelvic MRIPelvic Magnetic Resonance imagingA procedure in which a magnet linked to a computer is used to create detailed pictures of areas inside the pelivs. Also called nuclear magnetic resonance
PET scanPET ScanPositron Emission Tomography
PET/CT scanPET/CT scanPET/CT scan
Physical examPHYSICAL EXAMPHYSICAL EXAM
Plain film/X-ray with contrastPlain film/X-ray with contrastPlain film/X-ray with contrast
Plain film/X-ray without contrastPlain film/X-ray without contrastPlain film/X-ray without contrast
Preoperative CT scanCT ScanCT Scan
Primary surgeryPRIMARY SURGERYSurgery of curative intent to remove tumor or malignant tissue
Proctoscopy/sigmoidoscopyProctoscopy/sigmoidoscopyExamination of the anus or sigmoid colon using a flexible tube enclosing a light and camera.
Prophalactic mastectomyPROPHALACTIC MASTECTOMYPROPHALACTIC MASTECTOMY
PSA AssessmentProstate-Specific AntigenAlternate isoforms of the single-chain 261-aa 30-kD Kallikrein 3 (Prostate Specific Antigen) glycoprotein precursor are encoded by human KLK3 Gene (Kallikrein Family). Frameshifted isoform 2 has a shorter distinct C-terminus. A serine protease in seminal plasma, PSA may function in liquefaction of seminal coagulum by (preferential Tyr-X) cleavage of seminal vesicle protein. Kallikrein proteases have diverse functions. Mounting evidence implicates kallikreins in carcinogenesis; some have potential as cancer biomarkers. The serum level of PSA is useful in diagnosis and monitoring of prostatic carcinoma. (from LocusLink, Swiss-Prot, OMIM, and NCI)
RadiographRADIOGRAPHRADIOGRAPH
RadiographicRadiographicThe use of Radiographic methodology
Radioisotope scanRadioisotope scanRadioisotope scan
RadiologicRadiologyThe use of radiation (such as x-rays) or other imaging technologies (such as ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging) to diagnose or treat disease.
RadiologicalRadiologyThe use of radiation (such as x-rays) or other imaging technologies (such as ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging) to diagnose or treat disease.
Resection/re-excision of lumpectomy marginsRESECTION/RE-EXCISION OF LUMPECTOMY MARGINSRESECTION/RE-EXCISION OF LUMPECTOMY MARGINS
Sentinel node biopsySENTINEL NODE BIOPSYSENTINEL NODE BIOPSY
SerologicalSEROLOGYSEROLOGY
SigmoidoscopySigmoidoscopySigmoidoscopy
Skin biopsySkin biopsythe removal of a piece of skin to diagnose or rule out an illness.
Spiral CT scanSPIRAL CT SCANSPIRAL CT SCAN
SurgerySURGERYSURGERY
Transrectal ultrasoundTransrectal UltrasoundA procedure that uses sound waves to create a video image of the prostate gland. A small, lubricated probe placed into the rectum releases sound waves, which create echoes as they enter the prostate. Prostate tumors sometimes create echoes that are different from normal prostate tissue. The echoes that bounce back are sent to a computer that translates the pattern of echoes into a picture of the prostate.
Tumor MarkerTumor MarkerTumor Marker
Tumor markersTumor MarkersTumor Markers
UltrasoundUltrasoundVery high frequency sound.
UnknownUnknownNot known, not observed, not recorded, or refused.
Upper endoscopyUpper Endoscopy EsophagogastroduodenoscopyUpper Endoscopy Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
Visual assessmentVISUAL ASSESSMENTevaluation by visual assessment
VisualizationVisualizationVisualization
X-rayX-RAY X-RAY
If Other SpecifyEvaluation Method Specify21825101.0If Other, Specify was chosen for method of disease status evaluation then include this question.CHARACTER
Current status of diseaseCurrent Disease Status Type28572481.0If disease status was evaluated this period then include this question.CHARACTER
Biologic ProgressionBiological ProgressionIn medicine, a substance made from living organisms or things they produce, such as a vaccine. Some biologicals stimulate or restore the ability of the immune system to fight infection and disease.: Progression; advancement in extent or severity.
Complete RemissionComplete RemissionThe disappearance of all signs of cancer in response to treatment. This does not always mean the cancer has been cured.
Complete Remission (Post transplant relapse)Post Graft Relapse Complete RemissionPost; occuring after.: Healthy skin, bone, or other tissue taken from one part of the body and used to replace diseased or injured tissue removed from another part of the body.: The return of signs and symptoms of cancer after a period of improvement.: The disappearance of all signs of cancer in response to treatment. This does not always mean the cancer has been cured.
Disease ProgressionDisease ProgressionCancer that continues to grow or spread.
Not EvaluableNegation EvaluationAn operation in which a term denies or inverts the meaning of another term or construction.: Evaluation; the act of placing value on something.
Partial RemissionPartial RemissionA decrease in the size of a tumor, or in the extent of cancer in the body, in response to treatment.
Progressive DiseasePDCancer that is increasing in scope or severity.
RelapseRelapseThe return of signs and symptoms of cancer after a period of improvement.
Stable DiseaseStable DiseaseCancer that is neither decreasing nor increasing in extent or severity.
If dead, what is the cause of death?Death Cause Reason21928711.0If Vital Status response is "Dead" then include this question.CHARACTER
Drug RelatedDrug RelatedDrug Related
InfectionINFECTIONINFECTION
New PrimaryNEW PRIMARYNEW PRIMARY
OtherOTHERDifferent than the one(s) previously specified or mentioned.
TumorTUMORTUMOR
UnknownUnknownNot known, not observed, not recorded, or refused.
If other cause of death, specify.Death Primary Cause Other Specify Text28573241.0If Vital Status response is "Dead" and "Other" is chosen from the cause of death list of values, then include this question.CHARACTER
Date of DeathDeath Date20041523.0If Vital Status response is "Dead" then include this question.DATEDD/MON/YYYY
Optional Outcome Measures QuestionsNo requirement for inclusion of these elements on the case report form. If the design and scientific questions posed in the study dictate the need to collect this type of data, these elements should be included.
What is the source of the information gathered during the most recent contact with the participant?Participant Most Recent Contact Information Source Type28468971.0CHARACTER
Cancer RegistrarCarcinoma RegistrarA malignant tumor arising from epithelial cells. Carcinomas that arise from glandular epithelium are called adenocarcinomas, those that arise from squamous epithelium are called squamous cell carcinomas, and those that arise from transitional epithelium are called transitional cell carcinomas. Morphologically, the malignant epithelial cells may display abnormal mitotic figures, anaplasia, and necrosis. Carcinomas are graded by the degree of cellular differentiation as well, moderately, or poorly differentiated. Carcinomas invade the surrounding tissues and tend to metastasize to other anatomic sites. Lung carcinoma, skin carcinoma, breast carcinoma, and prostate carcinoma are the most frequently seen carcinomas. -- 2004: Registrar; someone responsible for keeping records.
CRAClinical Research AssociatePerson employed by a study sponsor or Contract Research Organization to monitor a clinical study at all participating sites. (from centerwatch.com glossary)
FamilyFamily MemberA member of the fundamental unit of society designed primarily to regulate sexual behavior and reproduce, nurture, protect, and socialize the youngs, traditionally organized around kinship ties, descend from the common progenitor or related by marriage or by a feeling of closeness; or of any of various social units differing from but regarded as equivalent to the traditional family.
Medical RecordMedical RecordA chronological written account of a patient's examination and treatment that includes the patient's medical history and complaints, the physician's physical findings, the results of diagnostic tests and procedures, and medications and therapeutic procedures. (dictionary.com)
Outside Physician/HospitalExternal Physician And/Or HospitalHappening or arising or located outside or beyond some limits, or especially, some surface.: Physician; a licensed medical practitioner.: Used to indicate that either or both of two items or options: An institution that provides medical, surgical, or psychiatric care and treatment for the sick or the injured.
ParticipantParticipantSomeone who takes part in an activity.
Site PhysicianClinical Study Site PhysicianA healthcare organization, a facility, a healthcare provider, or a part or a constituent of any of the above entities directly involved in conducting a particular clinical study.: Physician; a licensed medical practitioner.
Date of most recent contact.Participant Last Known Alive Date28472851.0DATEDD/MON/YYYY
Is there evidence of disease?Cancer Follow-Up Most Recent Status612783.0CHARACTER
Cancer presentCancer presentCancer present
No evidence of diseaseNo evidence of diseaseNo evidence of disease
Disease Recurrence in current period?Disease Recurrence Ind-323304171.0CHARACTER
NONONO
UNKNOWNUnknownNot known, not observed, not recorded, or refused.
YESYESYES
If yes, Date of RecurrenceDisease Recurrence Date32894.0If recurrence was asked for and noted then include this question.DATEMM/DD/YYYY
Method of Evaluation for RecurrenceAssessment Method Type23095.0If recurrence was asked for and noted then include this question.CHARACTER
2-D Echocardiogram2-D Echocardiogram2-D Echocardiogram
Abdominal CTAbdominal CT-scanAbdominal CT-scan
Abdominal MRIAbdominal MRIMagnetic Resonance Imaging of the abdomen.
AutopsyAutopsyAutopsy; an examination and dissection of a dead body to determine cause of death or the changes produced by disease.
Axillary dissectionAXILLARY DISSECTIONAXILLARY DISSECTION
Bilateral mammogramBilateral mammogramBilateral mammogram
Bimanual examinationBIMANUAL EXAMINATIONBIMANUAL EXAMINATION
BiopsyBiopsyThe removal of tissue specimens or fluid from the living body for microscopic examination, performed to establish a diagnosis.
Biopsy otherBiopsyThe removal of tissue specimens or fluid from the living body for microscopic examination, performed to establish a diagnosis.
Bone scanBONE SCANA nuclear imaging method used to evaluate pathological bone metabolism.
BronchoscopyBronchoscopyA procedure in which a thin, lighted tube is inserted through the nose or mouth. NCI Concept Code C16366
CEACarcinoembryonic AntigenCarcinoembryonic antigen. A substance that is sometimes found in an increased amount in the blood of people with certain cancers.
Chest CTChest RadiographyAn x-ray examination of the chest.
Chest x-rayChest X-RayChest X-Ray
ClinicalClinicalHaving to do with the examination and treatment of patients.
Clinical examinationCLINICAL EXAMINATION (PE)CLINICAL EXAMINATION (PE)
ColonoscopyColonoscopyEndoscopic examination of the luminal surface of the colon.
Colonscopy/proctoscopyColonscopy/proctoscopyAn examination of the rectum using a thin, lighted tube called a proctoscope or An examination of the inside of the colon using a thin, lighted tube (called a colonoscope).
ColposcopyColposcopyColposcopy
Contralateral mammogramContralateral mammogramAn x-ray picture of the breast not involved with the primary tumor.
Contrast enhanced CT scan/CT perfusion examCONTRAST ENHANCED CT SCANContrast enhanced computed tomography scan
Core biopsyCore BiopsyThe removal of a tissue sample using a needle with a relatively large diameter, for microscopic examination.
CT of Abdomen/PelvisCT of Abdomen/PelvisCT of Abdomen/Pelvis
CT scanCT ScanCT Scan
CT/MRI scanCT/MRI scanComputed tomographic and magnetic image resonance scan
CystoscopyCystoscopy(sist-OSS-ko-pee) Examination of the bladder and urethra using a thin, lighted instrument (called a cystoscope) inserted into the urethra. Tissue samples can be removed and examined under a microscope to determine whether disease is present.
Cytologic confirmationCytologic confirmationCytologic confirmation
CytologyCYTOLOGYCYTOLOGY
Cytoscopycytoscopycytoscopy
Diagnostic ImagingDiagnostic ImagingAny method that uses a visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation..
DifferentialDIFFERENTIALevaluation by differential
Digital rectal examDigital Rectal ExaminationDigital rectal examination. An examination in which a doctor inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum to feel for abnormalities.
Direct inspectionDIRECT INSPECTIONDIRECT INSPECTION
Ductal lavageDUCTAL LAVAGEDUCTAL LAVAGE
Ductoscopic biopsyDUCTOSCOPIC BIOPSYDUCTOSCOPIC BIOPSY
EchocardiogramECHOCARDIOGRAMA procedure that uses ultrasonic waves directed over the chest wall to obtain a graphic record of the heart's position, motion of the walls, or internal parts such as the valves.
EKGEKGA procedure to assess heart function using an electrocardiogram (EKG) device
EndoscopyENDOSCOPYENDOSCOPY
Endoscopy with biopsyEndoscopy with biopsyEndoscopy with biopsy
Evaluated but no disease foundEvaluated but no disease foundEvaluated but no disease found
Excisional biopsy or lumpectomyEXCISIONAL BIOPSY OR LUMPECTOMYEXCISIONAL BIOPSY OR LUMPECTOMY
Excisional biopsy or lumpectomy, with wire localizationLUMPECTOMY, WITH WIRE LOCALIZATIONLUMPECTOMY, WITH WIRE LOCALIZATION
Excisional biopsy with frozen sectionExcisional biopsy with frozen sectionExcisional biopsy with frozen section
Fine needle aspiration biopsyFINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION BIOPSYBiopsy by a fine needle aspiration technique
Fine needle aspiration biopsy, with wire localizationFINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION BIOPSY WITH WIRE LOCALIZATIONBiopsy by a fine needle aspiration technique using wire localization
Flow cytometry, cerebrospinal fluidFlow cytometry, cerebrospinal fluidFlow cytometry, cerebrospinal fluid
Fluid cytology, ascitesFLUID CYTOLOGY, ASCITESFLUID CYTOLOGY, ASCITES
Fluid cytology, cerebrospinal fluidFLUID CYTOLOGY, CEREBROSPINAL FLUIDFLUID CYTOLOGY, CEREBROSPINAL FLUID
Fluid cytology, pleuralFLUID CYTOLOGY, PLEURALFLUID CYTOLOGY, PLEURAL
Gallium scanGallium ScanGallium Scan
Histologichistologichistologic
Histologic confirmationHistologic confirmationHistologic confirmation
HistologyHISTOLOGYHISTOLOGY
Incisional biopsyINCISIONAL BIOPSYINCISIONAL BIOPSY
Incisional biopsy, with wire localizationINCISIONAL BIOPSY, WITH WIRE LOCALIZATIONINCISIONAL BIOPSY, WITH WIRE LOCALIZATION
Intraoperative ultrasoundINTRAOPERATIVE ULTRASOUNDINTRAOPERATIVE ULTRASOUND
Ipsilateral Axilla UltrasoundIpsilateral Axilla UltrasoundIpsilateral Axilla Ultrasound
Ipsilateral mammogramIpsilateral mammogramAn x-ray picture of the breast with the primary tumor.
IVPIntravenous PyelogramIntravenous Pyelogram
LaparoscopyLAPAROSCOPYLAPAROSCOPY
LaparotomyLAPAROTOMYLAPAROTOMY
LymphangiogramLymphangiogramNo Value Exists
MammogramMAMMOGRAMMAMMOGRAM
MastectomyMASTECTOMYSurgical removal of the breast.
MRI (NMR)MRIMagnetic Resonance Imaging
MRI of Abdomen/PelvisMRI of Abdomen/PelvisMRI of Abdomen/Pelvis
MRI scanMRI scanMRI scan
MSK NomogramNomogramsGraphical representation of a statistical model containing scales for calculating the prognostic weight of a value for each individual variable. Nomograms are instruments that can be used to predict outcomes using specific clinical parameters. They use ALGORITHMS that incorporate several variables to calculate the predicted probability that a patient will achieve a particular clinical endpoint.
MUGA scanMUGA ScanMUGA Scan
Needle biopsy (tru-cut or core)NEEDLE BIOPSY (TRU-CUT OR CORE)NEEDLE BIOPSY (TRU-CUT OR CORE)
Needle biopsy (tru-cut or core), with wire localization)NEEDLE BIOPSY (TRU-CUT OR CORE), WITH WIRE LOCALIZATIONNEEDLE BIOPSY (TRU-CUT OR CORE), WITH WIRE LOCALIZATION
Nipple fluidNIPPLE FLUIDNIPPLE FLUID
Not applicableNot ApplicableDetermination of a value is not relevant in the current context.
Not doneNOT DONENOT DONE
Not evaluatedNot EvaluatedNot Evaluated
OtherOTHERDifferent than the one(s) previously specified or mentioned.
Other, specifyOther, specifyOther, specify
PalpationPalpationPalpation
PathologicPATHOLOGICPATHOLOGIC
Pelvic CTPelvic CTPelvic computed tomography
Pelvic MRIPelvic Magnetic Resonance imagingA procedure in which a magnet linked to a computer is used to create detailed pictures of areas inside the pelivs. Also called nuclear magnetic resonance
PET scanPET ScanPositron Emission Tomography
PET/CT scanPET/CT scanPET/CT scan
Physical examPHYSICAL EXAMPHYSICAL EXAM
Plain film/X-ray with contrastPlain film/X-ray with contrastPlain film/X-ray with contrast
Plain film/X-ray without contrastPlain film/X-ray without contrastPlain film/X-ray without contrast
Preoperative CT scanCT ScanCT Scan
Primary surgeryPRIMARY SURGERYSurgery of curative intent to remove tumor or malignant tissue
Proctoscopy/sigmoidoscopyProctoscopy/sigmoidoscopyExamination of the anus or sigmoid colon using a flexible tube enclosing a light and camera.
Prophalactic mastectomyPROPHALACTIC MASTECTOMYPROPHALACTIC MASTECTOMY
PSA AssessmentProstate-Specific AntigenAlternate isoforms of the single-chain 261-aa 30-kD Kallikrein 3 (Prostate Specific Antigen) glycoprotein precursor are encoded by human KLK3 Gene (Kallikrein Family). Frameshifted isoform 2 has a shorter distinct C-terminus. A serine protease in seminal plasma, PSA may function in liquefaction of seminal coagulum by (preferential Tyr-X) cleavage of seminal vesicle protein. Kallikrein proteases have diverse functions. Mounting evidence implicates kallikreins in carcinogenesis; some have potential as cancer biomarkers. The serum level of PSA is useful in diagnosis and monitoring of prostatic carcinoma. (from LocusLink, Swiss-Prot, OMIM, and NCI)
RadiographRADIOGRAPHRADIOGRAPH
RadiographicRadiographicThe use of Radiographic methodology
Radioisotope scanRadioisotope scanRadioisotope scan
RadiologicRadiologyThe use of radiation (such as x-rays) or other imaging technologies (such as ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging) to diagnose or treat disease.
RadiologicalRadiologyThe use of radiation (such as x-rays) or other imaging technologies (such as ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging) to diagnose or treat disease.
Resection/re-excision of lumpectomy marginsRESECTION/RE-EXCISION OF LUMPECTOMY MARGINSRESECTION/RE-EXCISION OF LUMPECTOMY MARGINS
Sentinel node biopsySENTINEL NODE BIOPSYSENTINEL NODE BIOPSY
SerologicalSEROLOGYSEROLOGY
SigmoidoscopySigmoidoscopySigmoidoscopy
Skin biopsySkin biopsythe removal of a piece of skin to diagnose or rule out an illness.
Spiral CT scanSPIRAL CT SCANSPIRAL CT SCAN
SurgerySURGERYSURGERY
Transrectal ultrasoundTransrectal UltrasoundA procedure that uses sound waves to create a video image of the prostate gland. A small, lubricated probe placed into the rectum releases sound waves, which create echoes as they enter the prostate. Prostate tumors sometimes create echoes that are different from normal prostate tissue. The echoes that bounce back are sent to a computer that translates the pattern of echoes into a picture of the prostate.
Tumor MarkerTumor MarkerTumor Marker
Tumor markersTumor MarkersTumor Markers
UltrasoundUltrasoundVery high frequency sound.
UnknownUnknownNot known, not observed, not recorded, or refused.
Upper endoscopyUpper Endoscopy EsophagogastroduodenoscopyUpper Endoscopy Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
Visual assessmentVISUAL ASSESSMENTevaluation by visual assessment
VisualizationVisualizationVisualization
X-rayX-RAY X-RAY
If Other SpecifyEvaluation Method Specify21825101.0If Other, Specify was chosen for Method of Evaluation for Recurrence then include this question.CHARACTER
Disease Progression in current period?Disease Relapse Progression Ind-320025023.0CHARACTER
NoNONO
UnknownUnknownNot known, not observed, not recorded, or refused.
YesYESYES
Site of progressed lesionDisease Progression Relapse Site Text20025044.0If progression was asked for and noted then include this question.CHARACTER
Date of Progression DeterminationDisease Progression Date14874.0If progression was asked for and noted then include this question.DATEMM/DD/YYYY
Method of Evaluation for Progressive DiseaseAssessment Method Type23095.0If recurrence was asked for and noted then include this question.CHARACTER
2-D Echocardiogram2-D Echocardiogram2-D Echocardiogram
Abdominal CTAbdominal CT-scanAbdominal CT-scan
Abdominal MRIAbdominal MRIMagnetic Resonance Imaging of the abdomen.
AutopsyAutopsyAutopsy; an examination and dissection of a dead body to determine cause of death or the changes produced by disease.
Axillary dissectionAXILLARY DISSECTIONAXILLARY DISSECTION
Bilateral mammogramBilateral mammogramBilateral mammogram
Bimanual examinationBIMANUAL EXAMINATIONBIMANUAL EXAMINATION
BiopsyBiopsyThe removal of tissue specimens or fluid from the living body for microscopic examination, performed to establish a diagnosis.
Biopsy otherBiopsyThe removal of tissue specimens or fluid from the living body for microscopic examination, performed to establish a diagnosis.
Bone scanBONE SCANA nuclear imaging method used to evaluate pathological bone metabolism.
BronchoscopyBronchoscopyA procedure in which a thin, lighted tube is inserted through the nose or mouth. NCI Concept Code C16366
CEACarcinoembryonic AntigenCarcinoembryonic antigen. A substance that is sometimes found in an increased amount in the blood of people with certain cancers.
Chest CTChest RadiographyAn x-ray examination of the chest.
Chest x-rayChest X-RayChest X-Ray
ClinicalClinicalHaving to do with the examination and treatment of patients.
Clinical examinationCLINICAL EXAMINATION (PE)CLINICAL EXAMINATION (PE)
ColonoscopyColonoscopyEndoscopic examination of the luminal surface of the colon.
Colonscopy/proctoscopyColonscopy/proctoscopyAn examination of the rectum using a thin, lighted tube called a proctoscope or An examination of the inside of the colon using a thin, lighted tube (called a colonoscope).
ColposcopyColposcopyColposcopy
Contralateral mammogramContralateral mammogramAn x-ray picture of the breast not involved with the primary tumor.
Contrast enhanced CT scan/CT perfusion examCONTRAST ENHANCED CT SCANContrast enhanced computed tomography scan
Core biopsyCore BiopsyThe removal of a tissue sample using a needle with a relatively large diameter, for microscopic examination.
CT of Abdomen/PelvisCT of Abdomen/PelvisCT of Abdomen/Pelvis
CT scanCT ScanCT Scan
CT/MRI scanCT/MRI scanComputed tomographic and magnetic image resonance scan
CystoscopyCystoscopy(sist-OSS-ko-pee) Examination of the bladder and urethra using a thin, lighted instrument (called a cystoscope) inserted into the urethra. Tissue samples can be removed and examined under a microscope to determine whether disease is present.
Cytologic confirmationCytologic confirmationCytologic confirmation
CytologyCYTOLOGYCYTOLOGY
Cytoscopycytoscopycytoscopy
Diagnostic ImagingDiagnostic ImagingAny method that uses a visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation..
DifferentialDIFFERENTIALevaluation by differential
Digital rectal examDigital Rectal ExaminationDigital rectal examination. An examination in which a doctor inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum to feel for abnormalities.
Direct inspectionDIRECT INSPECTIONDIRECT INSPECTION
Ductal lavageDUCTAL LAVAGEDUCTAL LAVAGE
Ductoscopic biopsyDUCTOSCOPIC BIOPSYDUCTOSCOPIC BIOPSY
EchocardiogramECHOCARDIOGRAMA procedure that uses ultrasonic waves directed over the chest wall to obtain a graphic record of the heart's position, motion of the walls, or internal parts such as the valves.
EKGEKGA procedure to assess heart function using an electrocardiogram (EKG) device
EndoscopyENDOSCOPYENDOSCOPY
Endoscopy with biopsyEndoscopy with biopsyEndoscopy with biopsy
Evaluated but no disease foundEvaluated but no disease foundEvaluated but no disease found
Excisional biopsy or lumpectomyEXCISIONAL BIOPSY OR LUMPECTOMYEXCISIONAL BIOPSY OR LUMPECTOMY
Excisional biopsy or lumpectomy, with wire localizationLUMPECTOMY, WITH WIRE LOCALIZATIONLUMPECTOMY, WITH WIRE LOCALIZATION
Excisional biopsy with frozen sectionExcisional biopsy with frozen sectionExcisional biopsy with frozen section
Fine needle aspiration biopsyFINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION BIOPSYBiopsy by a fine needle aspiration technique
Fine needle aspiration biopsy, with wire localizationFINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION BIOPSY WITH WIRE LOCALIZATIONBiopsy by a fine needle aspiration technique using wire localization
Flow cytometry, cerebrospinal fluidFlow cytometry, cerebrospinal fluidFlow cytometry, cerebrospinal fluid
Fluid cytology, ascitesFLUID CYTOLOGY, ASCITESFLUID CYTOLOGY, ASCITES
Fluid cytology, cerebrospinal fluidFLUID CYTOLOGY, CEREBROSPINAL FLUIDFLUID CYTOLOGY, CEREBROSPINAL FLUID
Fluid cytology, pleuralFLUID CYTOLOGY, PLEURALFLUID CYTOLOGY, PLEURAL
Gallium scanGallium ScanGallium Scan
Histologichistologichistologic
Histologic confirmationHistologic confirmationHistologic confirmation
HistologyHISTOLOGYHISTOLOGY
Incisional biopsyINCISIONAL BIOPSYINCISIONAL BIOPSY
Incisional biopsy, with wire localizationINCISIONAL BIOPSY, WITH WIRE LOCALIZATIONINCISIONAL BIOPSY, WITH WIRE LOCALIZATION
Intraoperative ultrasoundINTRAOPERATIVE ULTRASOUNDINTRAOPERATIVE ULTRASOUND
Ipsilateral Axilla UltrasoundIpsilateral Axilla UltrasoundIpsilateral Axilla Ultrasound
Ipsilateral mammogramIpsilateral mammogramAn x-ray picture of the breast with the primary tumor.
IVPIntravenous PyelogramIntravenous Pyelogram
LaparoscopyLAPAROSCOPYLAPAROSCOPY
LaparotomyLAPAROTOMYLAPAROTOMY
LymphangiogramLymphangiogramNo Value Exists
MammogramMAMMOGRAMMAMMOGRAM
MastectomyMASTECTOMYSurgical removal of the breast.
MRI (NMR)MRIMagnetic Resonance Imaging
MRI of Abdomen/PelvisMRI of Abdomen/PelvisMRI of Abdomen/Pelvis
MRI scanMRI scanMRI scan
MSK NomogramNomogramsGraphical representation of a statistical model containing scales for calculating the prognostic weight of a value for each individual variable. Nomograms are instruments that can be used to predict outcomes using specific clinical parameters. They use ALGORITHMS that incorporate several variables to calculate the predicted probability that a patient will achieve a particular clinical endpoint.
MUGA scanMUGA ScanMUGA Scan
Needle biopsy (tru-cut or core)NEEDLE BIOPSY (TRU-CUT OR CORE)NEEDLE BIOPSY (TRU-CUT OR CORE)
Needle biopsy (tru-cut or core), with wire localization)NEEDLE BIOPSY (TRU-CUT OR CORE), WITH WIRE LOCALIZATIONNEEDLE BIOPSY (TRU-CUT OR CORE), WITH WIRE LOCALIZATION
Nipple fluidNIPPLE FLUIDNIPPLE FLUID
Not applicableNot ApplicableDetermination of a value is not relevant in the current context.
Not doneNOT DONENOT DONE
Not evaluatedNot EvaluatedNot Evaluated
OtherOTHERDifferent than the one(s) previously specified or mentioned.
Other, specifyOther, specifyOther, specify
PalpationPalpationPalpation
PathologicPATHOLOGICPATHOLOGIC
Pelvic CTPelvic CTPelvic computed tomography
Pelvic MRIPelvic Magnetic Resonance imagingA procedure in which a magnet linked to a computer is used to create detailed pictures of areas inside the pelivs. Also called nuclear magnetic resonance
PET scanPET ScanPositron Emission Tomography
PET/CT scanPET/CT scanPET/CT scan
Physical examPHYSICAL EXAMPHYSICAL EXAM
Plain film/X-ray with contrastPlain film/X-ray with contrastPlain film/X-ray with contrast
Plain film/X-ray without contrastPlain film/X-ray without contrastPlain film/X-ray without contrast
Preoperative CT scanCT ScanCT Scan
Primary surgeryPRIMARY SURGERYSurgery of curative intent to remove tumor or malignant tissue
Proctoscopy/sigmoidoscopyProctoscopy/sigmoidoscopyExamination of the anus or sigmoid colon using a flexible tube enclosing a light and camera.
Prophalactic mastectomyPROPHALACTIC MASTECTOMYPROPHALACTIC MASTECTOMY
PSA AssessmentProstate-Specific AntigenAlternate isoforms of the single-chain 261-aa 30-kD Kallikrein 3 (Prostate Specific Antigen) glycoprotein precursor are encoded by human KLK3 Gene (Kallikrein Family). Frameshifted isoform 2 has a shorter distinct C-terminus. A serine protease in seminal plasma, PSA may function in liquefaction of seminal coagulum by (preferential Tyr-X) cleavage of seminal vesicle protein. Kallikrein proteases have diverse functions. Mounting evidence implicates kallikreins in carcinogenesis; some have potential as cancer biomarkers. The serum level of PSA is useful in diagnosis and monitoring of prostatic carcinoma. (from LocusLink, Swiss-Prot, OMIM, and NCI)
RadiographRADIOGRAPHRADIOGRAPH
RadiographicRadiographicThe use of Radiographic methodology
Radioisotope scanRadioisotope scanRadioisotope scan
RadiologicRadiologyThe use of radiation (such as x-rays) or other imaging technologies (such as ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging) to diagnose or treat disease.
RadiologicalRadiologyThe use of radiation (such as x-rays) or other imaging technologies (such as ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging) to diagnose or treat disease.
Resection/re-excision of lumpectomy marginsRESECTION/RE-EXCISION OF LUMPECTOMY MARGINSRESECTION/RE-EXCISION OF LUMPECTOMY MARGINS
Sentinel node biopsySENTINEL NODE BIOPSYSENTINEL NODE BIOPSY
SerologicalSEROLOGYSEROLOGY
SigmoidoscopySigmoidoscopySigmoidoscopy
Skin biopsySkin biopsythe removal of a piece of skin to diagnose or rule out an illness.
Spiral CT scanSPIRAL CT SCANSPIRAL CT SCAN
SurgerySURGERYSURGERY
Transrectal ultrasoundTransrectal UltrasoundA procedure that uses sound waves to create a video image of the prostate gland. A small, lubricated probe placed into the rectum releases sound waves, which create echoes as they enter the prostate. Prostate tumors sometimes create echoes that are different from normal prostate tissue. The echoes that bounce back are sent to a computer that translates the pattern of echoes into a picture of the prostate.
Tumor MarkerTumor MarkerTumor Marker
Tumor markersTumor MarkersTumor Markers
UltrasoundUltrasoundVery high frequency sound.
UnknownUnknownNot known, not observed, not recorded, or refused.
Upper endoscopyUpper Endoscopy EsophagogastroduodenoscopyUpper Endoscopy Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
Visual assessmentVISUAL ASSESSMENTevaluation by visual assessment
VisualizationVisualizationVisualization
X-rayX-RAY X-RAY
If Other SpecifyEvaluation Method Specify21825101.0If Other, Specify was chosen for method of evaluation for progressive disease then include this question.CHARACTER
Did the patient receive further treatment prior to progression not per protocol?Treatment Received Outside Protocol Before Disease Progression Indicator28572541.0CHARACTER
NoNONO
UnknownUnknownNot known, not observed, not recorded, or refused.
YesYESYES
If yes, Therapy ReceivedTreatment Received Outside Protocol Before Disease Progression Therapy Name28572621.0If the patient received further treatment prior to progression not per protocol then include this question.CHARACTER
If yes, Start DateTreatment Received Outside Protocol Before Disease Progression Start Date28572641.0If the patient received further treatment prior to progression not per protocol then include this question.DATEDD/MON/YYYY
If yes, End DateTreatment Received Outside Protocol Before Disease Progression End Date28572661.0If the patient received further treatment prior to progression not per protocol then include this question.DATEmm/dd/yyyy
What is the Best Response from prior treatment?Prior Treatment Best Response Type28572781.0CHARACTER
Borderline StableBorderline StableStraddling the dividing line between two categories.: Stable; subject to little fluctuation; showing little if any change.
Complete ResponseComplete ResponseComplete; having every necessary or normal part or component or step; or having come or been brought to a conclusion.: In medicine, an improvement related to treatment.
Inevaluable for ResponseNegation Evaluation ResponseAn operation in which a term denies or inverts the meaning of another term or construction.: Evaluation; the act of placing value on something.: In medicine, an improvement related to treatment.
Not AssessedNot AssessedAn operation in which a term denies or inverts the meaning of another term or construction.: Having determined the value, significance, or extent of.
Partial ResponsePartial ResponseA decrease in the size of a tumor, or in the extent of cancer in the body, in response to treatment.
ProgressionProgressionProgression; advancement in extent or severity.
Stable DiseaseStable DiseaseCancer that is neither decreasing nor increasing in extent or severity.
Too EarlyToo EarlyToo early to assess response.
Unconfirmed Complete ResponseNegation Confirmed Complete ResponseAn operation in which a term denies or inverts the meaning of another term or construction.: Confirmed; having been established or verified.: Complete; having every necessary or normal part or component or step; or having come or been brought to a conclusion.: In medicine, an improvement related to treatment.
Unconfirmed Partial ResponseNegation Confirmed Partial ResponseAn operation in which a term denies or inverts the meaning of another term or construction.: Confirmed; having been established or verified.: A decrease in the size of a tumor, or in the extent of cancer in the body, in response to treatment.
What is the Best Response for this Study so far?Current Treatment Study Best Response Type28572911.0CHARACTER
Clinical Progressive DiseaseClinical PDHaving to do with the examination and treatment of patients.: Cancer that is increasing in scope or severity.
Complete ResponseComplete ResponseComplete; having every necessary or normal part or component or step; or having come or been brought to a conclusion.: In medicine, an improvement related to treatment.
Not Applicable per ProtocolNot Applicable Per Clinical Study ProtocolDetermination that a value is not relevant in the current context.: For each, generally denoting a ratio.: An action plan for a clinical trial. The plan states what the study will do, how, and why. It explains how many people will be in it, who is eligible to participate, what study agents or other interventions they will be given, what tests they will receive and how often, and what information will be gathered.
Not AssessedNot AssessedAn operation in which a term denies or inverts the meaning of another term or construction.: Having determined the value, significance, or extent of.
Not EvaluableNegation EvaluationAn operation in which a term denies or inverts the meaning of another term or construction.: Evaluation; the act of placing value on something.
Partial ResponsePartial ResponseA decrease in the size of a tumor, or in the extent of cancer in the body, in response to treatment.
Radiographic Progressive DiseaseRadiograph PDAn image produced on a radiosensitive surface by x-ray radiation that has penetrated and passed through a structure.: Cancer that is increasing in scope or severity.
Stable DiseaseStable DiseaseCancer that is neither decreasing nor increasing in extent or severity.
Surgical Progressive DiseaseSurgical PDof or relating to or involving or used in surgery or requiring or amenable to treatment by surgery.: Cancer that is increasing in scope or severity.
Too Early to Assess per ProtocolToo Early to Assess per ProtocolToo Early to Assess per Protocol
Date for determining Best ResponseBest Response Date20036083.0DATEDD/MON/YYYY
If dead, was autopsy performed?Participant Autopsy Performed Indicator21796572.0ALPHANUMERIC
NoNoThe non-affirmative response to a question.
UnknownUnknownNot known, not observed, not recorded, or refused.
YesYesThe affirmative response to a question or activity.
Cause of death determined by autopsy findings.Death Reason Autopsy Confirmation Performed Type28473911.0CHARACTER
Current DiseaseCurrent Disease or DisorderOccurring in or belonging to the present time.: Any abnormal condition of the body or mind that causes discomfort, dysfunction, or distress to the person affected or those in contact with the person. The term is often used broadly to include injuries, disabilities, syndromes, symptoms, deviant behaviors, and atypical variations of structure and function.
Other CauseOther EtiologyNot otherwise specified.: The cause of a disease.
Protocol TreatmentProtocol TherapyA protocol is a rule which guides how an activity should be performed; a set of formal rules used to specify the format of an exchange of data.: An action or administration of therapeutic agents to produce an effect that is intended to alter the course of a pathologic process.
If other cause of death as determined by autopsy findings, specify.Death Reason Autopsy Confirmation Performed Other Specify Text28573531.0CHARACTER
Sites of Disease at AutopsyAutopsy Sites of Disease Name20041565.0CHARACTER
AbdomenAbdominal CavityThe portion of the body that lies between the thorax and the pelvis.
Abdomen/PelvisAbdomen and PelvisThe portion of the body that lies between the thorax and the pelvis.: An article which expresses the relation of connection or addition. It is used to conjoin a word with a word, a clause with a clause, or a sentence with a sentence.: The structure of the vertebrate skeleton supporting the lower limbs in humans and the hind limbs or corresponding parts in other vertebrates.: Named locations of, or within, the body.
Abdominal wallAbdominal wallThe tissues that surround the organs that are present within the abdominal cavity. The abdominal wall tissue is composed of layers of fat, parietal peritoneum, fascia, and muscles.
AcetabulumAcetabulumTwo cup shaped areas, one each on the lateral side of the lower pelvis that house the head of the femur to form the ball and socket joint of the hip.
AdenoidTonsillar TissueA fold of lymphatic tissue covered by ciliated epithelium at the very back of the nose, in the roof of the nasopharynx.
AdiposeAdipose TissueConnective tissue composed of fat cells lodged in the meshes of areolar tissue.
Adrenal glandAdrenal GlandPaired glands situated in the retroperitoneal tissues at the superior pole of each kidney.
Alveolar RidgeAlveolar RidgeOf or relating to the alveoli.: Any long raised border or margin of a bone or tooth or membrane.
Amniotic FluidAmniotic FluidThe fluid within the amniotic cavity which surrounds and protects the developing embryo. It is initially produced by the amnion and then later by the lungs and kidneys. The amount at term normally varies from 500 to 2000 ml.
Ampulla of VaterAmpulla of VaterA dilation of the duodenal papilla that is the opening of the juncture of the common bile duct and the main pancreatic duct. (MeSH)
Anal canalAnal CanalThe lower opening of the digestive tract, lying in the cleft between the buttocks, through which fecal matter is extruded.
Anal sphincterAnal SphincterThe area that includes the anus and the perianal skin.: A ring-shaped muscle that relaxes or tightens to open or close a passage or opening in the body. Examples are the anal sphincter (around the opening of the anus) and the pyloric sphincter (at the lower opening of the stomach).
AnkleAnkleA gliding joint between the distal ends of the tibia and fibula and the proximal end of the talus.
AnorectumAnorectum(AY-nus) The opening of the rectum to the outside of the body.: An article which expresses the relation of connection or addition. It is used to conjoin a word with a word, a clause with a clause, or a sentence with a sentence.: The terminal portion of the gastrointestinal tract, extending from the rectosigmoid junction to the anal canal.: Named locations of, or within, the body.
Antecubital fossaAntecubital FossaThe hinge joint between the forearm and upper arm or the corresponding joint in the forelimb of a quadruped.: A concavity in a surface, especially an anatomical depression.
AntrumAntrum PyloriThe initial part of the pyloric canal of the stomach. This site contains endocrine cells that produce gastrin and somatostatin.
AnusAnus(AY-nus) The opening of the rectum to the outside of the body.
AortaAortaThe major arterial trunk that carries oxygenated blood from the left ventricle into the ascending aorta behind the heart, the aortic arch, through the thorax as the descending aorta and through the abdomen as the abdominal aorta; it bifurcates into the left and right common iliac arteries.
Aortic BodyAortic BodyA small mass that is located in the inferior surface of the aortic arch. It functions as a peripheral chemoreceptor and is composed of glomus cells.
AppendixAppendixSmall tissue projection existing as a cecal diverticulum with a questionable history of vestigial versus specialized organ.
Aqueous FluidAqueous FluidThe clear, watery fluid which fills the anterior and posterior chambers of the eye. It has a refractive index lower than the crystalline lens, which it surrounds, and is involved in the metabolism of the cornea and the crystalline lens. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed, p319)
ArmArmTechnically the part of the superior limb between the shoulder and the elbow but commonly used to refer to the whole superior limb.
ArteryArteryThe vessels carrying blood away from the heart.
Ascending colonAscending ColonThe first part of the colon (large intestine) that starts in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen and ends at the transverse colon in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen.
Ascending Colon Hepatic FlexureAscending Colon Hepatic FlexureThe first part of the colon (large intestine) that starts in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen and ends at the transverse colon in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen.: The bend of the colon at the juncture of its ascending and transverse portions.
AscitesAscitesA disorder characterized by accumulation of serous or hemorrhagic fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
Auditory canalAuditory CanalOf or relating to the process of hearing.: A bodily passage or tube lined with epithelial cells and conveying a secretion or other substance.
Autonomic nervous systemAutonomic Nervous SystemThe part of the nervous system of vertebrates that controls involuntary actions of the smooth muscles and heart and glands.
AxillaAxillaAxilla; the hollow under the arm where it is joined to the shoulder.
BackBackThe dorsal area between the base of the neck and the sacrum.
Bile ductBile DuctA tube through which bile passes in and out of the liver.
BladderBladderThe distensible sac-like organ that functions as a reservoir of urine, collecting from the kidneys and eliminating via the urethra.
BloodBloodA liquid tissue; its major function is to transport oxygen throughout the body. It also supplies the tissues with nutrients, removes waste products, and contains various components of the immune system defending the body against infection. Several hormones also travel in the blood.
Blood vesselBlood VesselA tube through which the blood circulates in the body. Blood vessels include a network of arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, and veins.
BoneBoneConnective tissue that forms the skeletal components of the body.
Bone marrowBone MarrowThe tissue occupying the spaces of bone. It consists of blood vessel sinuses and a network of hematopoietic cells which give rise to the red cells, white cells, and megakaryocytes.
BowelBowel(in-TES-tin) The long, tube-shaped organ in the abdomen that completes the process of digestion. There is both a large intestine and a small intestine. Also called the bowel.
BrainBrainAn organ composed of grey and white matter containing billions of neurons that is the center for intelligence and reasoning. It is protected by the bony cranium.
Brain stemBrain StemThe part of the brain that is connected to the spinal cord.
BreastBreastOne of two hemispheric projections of variable size situated in the subcutaneous layer over the pectoralis major muscle on either side of the chest.
Broad ligamentBroad LigamentA broad fold of peritoneum that extends from the side of the uterus to the wall of the pelvis. (MeSH)
BronchioleBronchiole(BRON-kee-olz) The tiny branches of air tubes in the lungs.
BronchusBronchusTubular structure in continuation with the trachea, serving as air passage. It terminates in the lung (terminal bronchiole).
Bronchus and LungBronchus And LungTubular structure in continuation with the trachea, serving as air passage. It terminates in the lung (terminal bronchiole).: An article which expresses the relation of connection or addition. It is used to conjoin a word with a word, a clause with a clause, or a sentence with a sentence.: One of a pair of viscera occupying the pulmonary cavities of the thorax, the organs of respiration in which aeration of the blood takes place. As a rule, the right lung is slightly larger than the left and is divided into three lobes (an upper, a middle, and a lower or basal), while the left has but two lobes (an upper and a lower or basal). Each lung is irregularly conical in shape, presenting a blunt upper extremity (the apex), a concave base following the curve of the diaphragm, an outer convex surface (costal surface), an inner or mediastinal surface (mediastinal surface), a thin and sharp anterior border, and a thick and rounded posterior border.: Named locations of, or within, the body.
BrowBrowCurved rows of HAIR located on the upper edges of the eye sockets.
Buccal cavityBuccal CavityThe region consisting of the vestibulum oris, the narrow cleft between the lips and cheeks, and the teeth and gums, and the cavitas oris propria.
Buccal mucosaBuccal mucosaBuccal mucosa
ButtockButtockEither of the fleshy mounds in the rear pelvic area of the human body formed by the gluteal muscles.
CalfCalfThe posterior aspect of the lower extremity that extends from the knee to the foot.
CapillaryCapillaryTiny blood vessels that connect the arterioles with the venules.
CardiaGastric CardiaThe area around the esophagogastric mucosal junction where the esophageal mucosa transitions into the gastric mucosa.
CarinaCarinaA ridge or ridge-like structure. In humans it usually refers to the trachea. The carina of trachea is part of the lowest tracheal cartilage which is placed between the orifices of the two bronchi.
Carotid arteryCarotid ArteryEither of the two principal arteries on both sides of the neck that supply blood to the head and neck; each divides into two branches, the internal carotid artery and the external carotid artery.
Carotid bodyCarotid BodyA cluster of cells that function as chemo-receptors, located at the bifurcation of the carotid artery. Its main purpose is to detect changes in the composition of arterial blood.
CartilageCartilageA type of connective tissue composed of chondrocytes and an extracellular matrix, composed of collagen, elastin, and ground substance. There are three types of cartilage; namely elastic, hyaline, and fibrocartilage.
CecumCecumDefinition not available.
Central Line CatheterCentral Venous Access CatheterA tube surgically placed into a blood vessel for the purpose of giving intravenous fluid and drugs. It also can be used to obtain blood samples. This device avoids the need for separate needle insertions for each infusion or blood test. Examples of these devices include Hickman catheters, which require clamps to make sure the valve is closed, and Groshong catheters, which have a valve that opens as fluid is withdrawn or infused and remains closed when not in use.
Central nervous systemCentral Nervous SystemThe main information-processing organs of the nervous system, consisting of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges.
CerebellumCerebellumThe portion of the brain located at the base of the skull that is responsible for balance, equilibrium and movement.
Cerebral cortexCerebral CortexThe outer layer of the cerebrum composed of neurons and unmyelinated nerve fibers. It is responsible for memory, attention, consciousness and other high mental functions.
Cerebrospinal fluidCerebrospinal fluidThe fluid that is contained within the brain ventricles, the subarachnoid space and the central canal of the spinal cord.
CerebrumCerebral Hemisphere(seh-REE-bral HEM-iss-feer) One half of the cerebrum, the part of the brain that controls muscle functions and also controls speech, thought, emotions, reading, writing, and learning. The right hemisphere controls the muscles on the left side of the body,
Cervical spineCervical spineThose vertebrae immediately behind (caudal to) the skull, C1-C7 in man.
Cervical/Thoracic/Lumbar spineCervical and Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Relating to a neck, or cervix, in any sense.: (thor-ASS-ik) Having to do with the chest.: Those vertebrae between the ribs and the pelvis, L1-L5 in man.: The spinal or vertebral column.
CervixCervix(SER-viks) The lower, narrow end of the uterus that forms a canal between the uterus and vagina.
ChestChestThe part of the human body between the neck and the diaphragm or the corresponding part in other vertebrates.
Chest wallChest WallThe total system of structures outside the lungs that move as a part of breathing; it includes all structures from the skin to the parietal pleura.
Chest/Abdomen/PelvisChest and Abdomen and PelvisThe part of the human body between the neck and the diaphragm or the corresponding part in other vertebrates.: The portion of the body that lies between the thorax and the pelvis.: The structure of the vertebrate skeleton supporting the lower limbs in humans and the hind limbs or corresponding parts in other vertebrates.: Named locations of, or within, the body.
Chest/PelvisChest and PelvisThe part of the human body between the neck and the diaphragm or the corresponding part in other vertebrates.: An article which expresses the relation of connection or addition. It is used to conjoin a word with a word, a clause with a clause, or a sentence with a sentence.: The structure of the vertebrate skeleton supporting the lower limbs in humans and the hind limbs or corresponding parts in other vertebrates.: Named locations of, or within, the body.
ChinMentumThe part of the face below the lower lip and including the protruding part of the lower jaw.
ClavicleClavicleA bone of the upper extremity that articulates with the acromion process of the scapula on one end and the sternum on the other.
ClitorisClitorisThe erectile tissue in the vulva. It is composed of the corpora cavernosa and the glans clitoris.
ColonColonThe part of the large intestine measured from the cecum to the rectum consisting of ascending, transverse, descending and sigmoid portions. The purpose of the colon is to remove water from digested food prior to excretion.
Colon and rectumColon and RectumThe part of the large intestine measured from the cecum to the rectum consisting of ascending, transverse, descending and sigmoid portions. The purpose of the colon is to remove water from digested food prior to excretion.: An article which expresses the relation of connection or addition. It is used to conjoin a word with a word, a clause with a clause, or a sentence with a sentence.: The terminal portion of the gastrointestinal tract, extending from the rectosigmoid junction to the anal canal.: Named locations of, or within, the body.
Colon, mucosa onlyColon MucosaThe part of the large intestine measured from the cecum to the rectum consisting of ascending, transverse, descending and sigmoid portions. The purpose of the colon is to remove water from digested food prior to excretion.: The moist tissue that lines some organs and body cavities (such as the nose, mouth, lungs) and makes mucus (a thick, slippery fluid).
Common ductCommon Bile DuctBile ducts are passageways that carry bile. Two major bile ducts come together into a "trunk"-the common bile duct which empties into the upper part of the small intestine (the part next to the stomach).
ConjunctivaConjunctivaA thin, transparent mucous membrane that covers the posterior surface of lids (palpebral conjunctiva) and the outer surface of the sclera (bulbar conjunctiva).
Connective tissueConnective TissueSupporting tissue that surrounds other tissues and organs. Specialized connective tissue includes bone, cartilage, blood, and fat.
Descending colonDescending ColonThe fourth portion of the large intestine (colon) that communicates with the transverse colon in the left-upper quadrant of the abdomen and the rectum below.
DiaphragmDiaphragmFibromuscular tissue that separates the thoracic from the abdominal cavity. It increases the volume of the thoracic cavity through contractions, thus facilitating respiration.
DuodenumDuodenum(doo-ah-DEE-num) The first part of the small intestine.
EarEarThe organ of hearing: composed of the external ear, which includes the auricle and the external acoustic, or auditory, meatus; the middle ear, or the tympanic cavity with its ossicles; and the internal ear or inner ear, or labyrinth, which includes the semicircular canals, vestibule, and cochlea. SEE ALSO auricle. SYN auris.
Ear canalEar CanalThe organ of hearing: composed of the external ear, which includes the auricle and the external acoustic, or auditory, meatus; the middle ear, or the tympanic cavity with its ossicles; and the internal ear or inner ear, or labyrinth, which includes the semicircular canals, vestibule, and cochlea. SEE ALSO auricle. SYN auris.: A bodily passage or tube lined with epithelial cells and conveying a secretion or other substance.
Ear, Pinna (External)External EarThe external part of the ear.
EffusionEffusionA collection of fluid in a body cavity. It may be the result of a non-neoplastic disorder (e.g. heart failure) or a tumor (e.g. carcinoma of the lung). -- 2003
ElbowElbow JointThe hinge joint between the forearm and upper arm or the corresponding joint in the forelimb of a quadruped.
Endocrine glandEndocrine GlandDuctless glands that secrete substances which are released directly into the circulation and which influence metabolism and other body functions.
EpididymisEpididymisA crescent-like structure located in the upper and posterior surfaces of the testis. It consists of the efferent ductules and the duct of the epididymis. It facilitates the maturation of sperm that is produced in the testis.
Epidural spaceEpidural Spinal Canal SpaceSpace between the dura mater and the walls of the vertebral canal.
Esophagogastric junctionGastroesophageal JunctionThe anatomical location where the esophagus joins to the stomach.
EsophagusEsophagusThe portion of the digestive canal between the pharynx and stomach. It is about 25 cm long and consists of three parts: the cervical part, from the cricoid cartilage to the thoracic inlet; thoracic part, from thoracic inlet to the diaphragm; and abdominal part, below the diaphragm to the cardiac opening of the stomach.
Esophagus, Mucosa onlyEsophageal MucosaOf or relating to the esophagus.: The moist tissue that lines some organs and body cavities (such as the nose, mouth, lungs) and makes mucus (a thick, slippery fluid).
ExtremitiesExtremitiesBody limbs, consisting of right upper and lower (arm and leg) and left upper and lower (arm and leg).
EyeEyeThe organ of sight or vision. (On-line Medical Dictionary)
Fallopian tubeFallopian tubeOne of a pair of tubes that extend from the uterus to each of the ovaries. Following ovulation the egg travels down the fallopian tube to the uterus where fertilization may or may not occur.
FemurFemurThe longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.
FibulaFibulaThe bone of the lower leg lateral to and smaller than the tibia. In proportion to its length, it is the most slender of the long bones.
FingerFingerNo value exists.
Floor of MouthFloor of MouthThe area of the mouth under the ventral surface of the tongue.
FluidBody Fluid or SubstanceLiquid and semi liquid substances produced by living organisms to fulfill specific functions or excreted as waste; does not include hormones or enzymes.
FootFootThe terminal part of the lower extremity, especially the part below the ankle.
ForearmForearmThe structure on the upper limb, between the elbow and the wrist.
ForeheadForeheadThe part of the face between the eyebrows and the normal hairline.
ForeskinMale PrepuceA fold of skin covering the tip of the penis.
Frontal lobeFrontal lobeFrontal lobe
Fundus of stomachFundusThe larger part of a hollow organ that is farthest away from the organ's opening. The bladder, gallbladder, stomach, uterus, eye, and cavity of the middle ear all have a fundus.
GallbladderGallbladderA pear-shaped organ just below the liver that stores the bile secreted by the liver, delivering the bile through the bile ducts into the intestines to help with digestion.
GangliaGanglionA cluster of nervous tissue principally composed of neuronal cell bodies external to the central nervous system (CNS).
Gastroesophageal JunctionGastroesophageal JunctionThe anatomical location where the esophagus joins to the stomach.
Gastrointestinal tractGastrointestinal TractThe upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract is comprised of mouth, pharynx, esophagus and stomach while the lower GI tract consists of intestines and anus. The primary function of the GI tract is to ingest, digest, absorb and ultimately excrete food stuff.
GenitourinaryGenitourinaryOf or related to the genital and urinary organs or their functions.
GroinGroinThe external junctural region between the lower part of the abdomen and the thigh.
GumGingivaThe mucous membrane-covered tissue of the jaws that surrounds the bases of the teeth.
HandHandThe distal portion of the upper extremity. It consists of the carpus, metacarpus, and digits.
Hard palateHard palateHard palate
Head - face or neck, NOSHead (Face Or Neck , Not otherwise specified)The anterior or superior part of an animal, containing the brain, or chief ganglia of the nervous system, the mouth, and in the higher animals, the chief sensory organs. (On-line Medical Dictionary): The anterior portion of the head extending from the forehead to the chin and ear to ear. The facial structures contain the eyes, nose and mouth, cheeks and jaws.: An article used to connect words, phrases, or clauses representing alternatives; used to connect alternative terms for the same thing; used in correlation; used to correct or rephrase what was previously said; otherwise.: The region that connects the head to the rest of the body.: Not characterized in any other way.: Named locations of, or within, the body.
Head/NeckHead and NeckThe anterior or superior part of an animal, containing the brain, or chief ganglia of the nervous system, the mouth, and in the higher animals, the chief sensory organs. (On-line Medical Dictionary): An article which expresses the relation of connection or addition. It is used to conjoin a word with a word, a clause with a clause, or a sentence with a sentence.: The region that connects the head to the rest of the body.: Named locations of, or within, the body.
Head/Neck/Chest/Abd/PelvisHead and Neck and Chest and Abdomen and PelvisThe anterior or superior part of an animal, containing the brain, or chief ganglia of the nervous system, the mouth, and in the higher animals, the chief sensory organs. (On-line Medical Dictionary): The region that connects the head to the rest of the body.: The part of the human body between the neck and the diaphragm or the corresponding part in other vertebrates.: The portion of the body that lies between the thorax and the pelvis.: The structure of the vertebrate skeleton supporting the lower limbs in humans and the hind limbs or corresponding parts in other vertebrates.: Named locations of, or within, the body.
HeartHeartA hollow muscular organ which receives the blood from the veins and propels it into the arteries. It is divided by a musculomembranous septum into two halves -- right or venous and left or arterial -- each of which consists of a receiving chamber (atrium) and an ejecting chamber (ventricle). SYN cor, coeur.
Hepatic ductHepatic DuctNo Value Exists
HilumHilumA depression or fissure where vessels or nerves or ducts enter a bodily organ.
HipHipThe lateral prominence of the pelvis from the waist to the thigh.
HumerusHumerusNo value exists.
HypopharynxHypopharynx (Laryngopharynx)The portion of the pharynx between the inferior portion of the oropharynx and the larynx.
IleumIleumThe final section of the small intestine.
IliumIliumNo value exists.
IntestineIntestine(in-TES-tin) The long, tube-shaped organ in the abdomen that completes the process of digestion. There is both a large intestine and a small intestine. Also called the bowel.
IschiumIschiumThe most posterior and ventral bone making up the pelvis.
JawJawThe bones of the skull that frame the mouth and serve to open it; the bones that hold the teeth.
JejunumJejunumNo value exists.
JointsJointThe connection point between two bones or skeletal elements. The joint may be fixed or movable.
KidneyKidneyOne of the two organs that excrete the urine. The kidneys are bean-shaped organs (about 11 cm long, 5 cm wide, and 3 cm thick) lying on either side of the vertebral column, posterior to the peritoneum, about opposite the twelfth thoracic and first three lumbar vertebrae. SYN ren, nephros.
KneeKnee JointA hinge joint in the human leg connecting the tibia and fibula with the femur and protected in front by the patella.
Lacrimal GlandLacrimal GlandPaired, almond-shaped exocrine glands situated superior and posterior to each orbit of the eye that produce and secrete the watery serous component of tears.
Large bowelLarge IntestineA muscular tube that extends from the end of the small intestine to the anus. (NCI)
LaryngopharynxHypopharynx (Laryngopharynx)The portion of the pharynx between the inferior portion of the oropharynx and the larynx.
LarynxLarynxThe organ of voice production; the part of the respiratory tract between the pharynx and the trachea; it consists of a framework of cartilages and elastic membranes housing the vocal folds and the muscles which control the position and tension of these elements.
LegLegCommonly used to refer to the whole lower limb but technically only the part between the knee and ankle.
LeptomeningesLeptomeningesThe two innermost layers of tissue that cover the brain and spinal cord, the arachnoid mater and the pia mater.
LigamentLigamentBand of fibrous tissue connecting bone to bone or cartilage to bone thereby supporting or strengthening a joint.
LipLipEither of the two fleshy, full-blooded margins of the mouth. (MeSH)
LiverLiverA large organ located in the upper abdomen. The liver cleanses the blood and aids in digestion by secreting bile.
Liver and intrahepatic ductLiver and Intrahepatic DuctA triangular-shaped organ located under the diaphragm in the right hypochondrium. It is the largest internal organ of the body, weighting up to 2 kg. Metabolism and bile secretion are its main functions. It is composed of cells which have the ability to regenerate.: Refers to the liver.: A tube that carries various secretions from one part of the body to another.: Named locations of, or within, the body.
Liver/SpleenLiver and SpleenA triangular-shaped organ located under the diaphragm in the right hypochondrium. It is the largest internal organ of the body, weighting up to 2 kg. Metabolism and bile secretion are its main functions. It is composed of cells which have the ability to regenerate.: An article which expresses the relation of connection or addition. It is used to conjoin a word with a word, a clause with a clause, or a sentence with a sentence.: An organ that is part of the lymphatic system. The spleen produces lymphocytes, filters the blood, stores blood cells, and destroys old blood cells. It is located on the left side of the abdomen near the stomach.: Named locations of, or within, the body.
Lumbar spineLumbar spineThose vertebrae between the ribs and the pelvis, L1-L5 in man.
LungLungOne of a pair of viscera occupying the pulmonary cavities of the thorax, the organs of respiration in which aeration of the blood takes place. As a rule, the right lung is slightly larger than the left and is divided into three lobes (an upper, a middle, and a lower or basal), while the left has but two lobes (an upper and a lower or basal). Each lung is irregularly conical in shape, presenting a blunt upper extremity (the apex), a concave base following the curve of the diaphragm, an outer convex surface (costal surface), an inner or mediastinal surface (mediastinal surface), a thin and sharp anterior border, and a thick and rounded posterior border.
Lymph node(s)Lymph nodeA bean-shaped organ surrounded by a connective tissue capsule. It is part of the lymphatic system and is found throughout the body. It is composed predominantly of lymphocytes and its main function is immune protection.
Lymph Node(s) AxillaAxillary Lymph NodeOne of approximately 20-30 lymph nodes in chain formation that traverse the concavity of the underarm to the clavicle.
Lymph Node(s) CervicalCervical Lymph NodeAny of the lymph nodes located in the neck.
Lymph node(s) DistantDistant Lymph NodeFar apart in space, time, or relevance from a point of reference.: A rounded mass of lymphatic tissue that is surrounded by a capsule of connective tissue. Lymph glands filter lymph (lymphatic fluid), and they store lymphocytes (white blood cells). They are located along lymphatic vessels. Also called a lymph node.
Lymph Node(s) EpitrochlearEpitrochlear Lymph NodeA lymph node located above and adjacent to the elbow.
Lymph Node(s) FemoralFemoral Lymph NodeA lymph node located in the upper inner portion of the thigh.
Lymph Node(s) HilarHilar Lymph NodeA lymph node located in the hilum of the lung.
Lymph Node(s) IliacIliac Lymph NodeOne of the three lymph nodes of the pelvis: the superior gluteal, interior gluteal or sacral.
Lymph Node(s) Iliac-commonCommon Iliac Lymph NodeWidely known or encountered.: One of the three lymph nodes of the pelvis: the superior gluteal, interior gluteal or sacral.
Lymph Node(s) Iliac-externalExternal Iliac Lymph NodeA lymph node located along the external iliac artery.
Lymph Node(s) InguinalInguinal Lymph NodeA superficial or deep lymph node located in the inguinal area.
Lymph Node(s) Int MammaryInternal Mammary Lymph NodeAny of the lymph nodes of the breast located under the ribcage, near the sternum.
Lymph Node(s) MammaryMammary Lymph NodeHaving to do with the breast.: A bean-shaped organ surrounded by a connective tissue capsule. It is part of the lymphatic system and is found throughout the body. It is composed predominantly of lymphocytes and its main function is immune protection.
Lymph Node(s) MediastinalMediastinal Lymph NodeA lymph node located in the mediastinum. Mediastinal lymph nodes are arranged in three groups, one on the lateral, another on the medial, and a third on the anterior aspect of the vessels; the third group is, however, sometimes absent.
Lymph Node(s) MesentericMesenteric Lymph NodeA lymph node located in the mesentery.
Lymph Node(s) OccipitalOccipital Lymph NodeA lymph node located in the back of the head adjacent to the trapezius muscle.
Lymph node(s) Para aorticParaaortic Region Lymph NodeRegions near to the aorta.: A rounded mass of lymphatic tissue that is surrounded by a capsule of connective tissue. Lymph glands filter lymph (lymphatic fluid), and they store lymphocytes (white blood cells). They are located along lymphatic vessels. Also called a lymph node.
Lymph Node(s) ParacavalParacaval Lymph NodeExtending on all sides of simultaneously; encircling.: A large vein which returns blood from the head, neck and extremeties to the heart.: A bean-shaped organ surrounded by a connective tissue capsule. It is part of the lymphatic system and is found throughout the body. It is composed predominantly of lymphocytes and its main function is immune protection.
Lymph Node(s) ParotidParotid Gland Lymph NodeA lymph node located close to, on, or within the parotid gland. (NCI)
Lymph Node(s) PelvicPelvic Lymph NodeAny lymph node within the pelvic region.
Lymph Node(s) PeriportalPeriportal Lymph NodeExtending on all sides of simultaneously; encircling.: Of or pertaining to a porta, especially the porta of the liver; as, the portal vein, which enters the liver at the porta, and divides into capillaries after the manner of an artery. Portal is applied to other veins which break up into capillaries; as, the renal portal veins in the frog. (On-line Medical Dictionary): A bean-shaped organ surrounded by a connective tissue capsule. It is part of the lymphatic system and is found throughout the body. It is composed predominantly of lymphocytes and its main function is immune protection.
Lymph Node(s) PoplitealPopliteal Lymph NodeLymph node located within the fat layer of the knee joint.
Lymph node(s) RegionalRegional Lymph NodeRegional; limited to a particular location or area.: A rounded mass of lymphatic tissue that is surrounded by a capsule of connective tissue. Lymph glands filter lymph (lymphatic fluid), and they store lymphocytes (white blood cells). They are located along lymphatic vessels. Also called a lymph node.
Lymph Node(s) RetroperitonealRetroperitoneal Lymph NodeA lymph node located in the retroperitoneal space.
Lymph node(s) ScaleneScalene Lymph NodeA lymph node located in proximity to any of the scalene muscles.
Lymph Node(s) SplenicSplenic Lymph NodeA lymph node located in the hilar region of the spleen.
Lymph Node(s) SubclavicularInfraclavicular Lymph NodeA lymph node located in the area below the clavicle.
Lymph Node(s) SubmandibularSubmandibular Lymph NodeA lymph node located beneath the floor of the oral cavity.
Lymph Node(s) SupraclavSupraclavicular Lymph NodeA lymph node which is located above the clavicle.
LymphomaLymphomaA malignant (clonal) proliferation of B- lymphocytes or T- lymphocytes which involves the lymph nodes, bone marrow and/or extranodal sites. This category includes Non-Hodgkin lymphomas and Hodgkin lymphomas.
Mammary GlandMammary GlandHaving to do with the breast.
MandibleMandibleThe largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
MaxillaMaxillaThe upper jawbone in vertebrates: it is fused to the cranium.
Mediastinal Soft TissueMediastinal Soft TissueMediastinal; related to the mediastinum.: Refers to muscle, fat, fibrous tissue, blood vessels, or other supporting tissue of the body.
MediastinumMediastinumA group of organs surrounded by loose connective tissue, separating the two pleural sacs, between the sternum anteriorly and the vertebral column posteriorly as well as from the thoracic inlet superiorly to the diaphragm inferiorly. The mediastinum contains the heart and pericardium, the bases of the great vessels, the trachea and bronchi, esophagus, thymus, lymph nodes, thoracic duct, phrenic and vagus nerves, and other structures and tissues.
MesenteryMesenteryA double layer of peritoneum that attaches to the back wall of the abdominal cavity and supports the small intestines.
MesotheliumMesotheliumA simple layer of cells, derived from the mesoderm that lines the coelom or body cavity of the embryo. In the adult, it covers all true serous membranes (peritoneum, pericardium, pleura).
Mini MantleMinimantle Radiation FieldA radiation field that includes the bilateral cervical, supraclavicular, and axillary lymph nodes.
MouthOral CavityThe cavity lying at the upper end of the alimentary canal, bounded on the outside by the lips and inside by the oropharynx and containing in humans the tongue, gums, and teeth.
MuscleMuscleMuscle; one of the contractile organs of the body.
NailsNailThe cutaneous plate on the dorsal surface of the distal end of a finger or toe.
Nasal CavityNasal cavityNasal cavity
Nasal Soft TissueNasal Soft TissueBy or having to do with the nose.: Refers to muscle, fat, fibrous tissue, blood vessels, or other supporting tissue of the body.
NasopharynxNasopharynxThe nasal part of the pharynx, lying above the level of the soft palate.
NeckNeckThe region that connects the head to the rest of the body.
Neck/ChestNeck and ChestThe region that connects the head to the rest of the body.: The part of the human body between the neck and the diaphragm or the corresponding part in other vertebrates.
Neck/Chest/Abdomen/PelvisNeck and Chest and Abdomen and PelvisThe region that connects the head to the rest of the body.: The part of the human body between the neck and the diaphragm or the corresponding part in other vertebrates.: The portion of the body that lies between the thorax and the pelvis.: The structure of the vertebrate skeleton supporting the lower limbs in humans and the hind limbs or corresponding parts in other vertebrates.: Named locations of, or within, the body.
NervenerveAny of the bundles of nerve fibers running to various organs and tissues of the body using chemical and electrical signals to transmit sensory and motor information from one body part to another.
Nerve(s) CranialCranial NerveAny of the 12 paired nerves that originate in the brain stem.
Not ApplicableNot ApplicableDetermination of a value is not relevant in the current context.
Ocular OrbitsOrbitThe bony cavity of the skull which contains the eye, anterior portion of the optic nerve, ocular muscles and ocular adnexa. Seven bones contribute to the structure of the orbit: the frontal, maxillary, zygomatic, sphenoid, lacrimal, ethmoid, and palatine bones.
OmentumOmentumA fold of peritoneum originating at the stomach and supporting the viscera.
Oral cavityOral CavityThe cavity lying at the upper end of the alimentary canal, bounded on the outside by the lips and inside by the oropharynx and containing in humans the tongue, gums, and teeth.
Oral Cavity, Mucosa onlyOral Cavity MucosaThe cavity lying at the upper end of the alimentary canal, bounded on the outside by the lips and inside by the oropharynx and containing in humans the tongue, gums, and teeth.: The moist tissue that lines some organs and body cavities (such as the nose, mouth, lungs) and makes mucus (a thick, slippery fluid).
OropharynxOropharynx(or-o-FAIR-inks) The middle part of the throat that includes the soft palate, the base of the tongue, and the tonsils.
OtherOtherDifferent than the one(s) previously specified or mentioned.
OvaryOvaryOne of the paired female reproductive glands containing the ova or germ cells; the ovary's stroma is a vascular connective tissue containing numbers of ovarian follicles enclosing the ova; surrounding this stroma is a more condensed layer of stroma called the tunica albuginea.
PA/LatPosterior Anterior Lateral ChestDenoting the back surface of the body; at or near the hind end in quadrupeds or toward the spine in primates.: Denoting the front surface of the body; often used to indicate the position of one structure relative to another.: Lateral; situated at or extending to the side.: The part of the human body between the neck and the diaphragm or the corresponding part in other vertebrates.
PalatePalate(PAL-et) The roof of the mouth. The front portion is bony (hard palate), and the back portion is muscular (soft palate).
PancreasPancreasA non-encapsulated elongated and lobulated organ, extending from the concavity of the duodenum to the spleen; it consists of a head, an elongated body, and a tail. It contains two functional components: an exocrine component that secretes juices into the intestine and an endocrine component that secretes hormones (insulin and glucagon).
Paraspinal GanglionSpinal GanglionSpinal; of or relating to the spine or spinal cord.: A cluster of nervous tissue principally composed of neuronal cell bodies external to the central nervous system (CNS).
ParathyroidParathyroid GlandOne of two small paired endocrine glands, superior and inferior, usually found embedded in the connective tissue capsule on the posterior surface of the thyroid gland; these glands secrete parathyroid hormone that regulates the metabolism of calcium and phosphorus. The parenchyma is composed of chief and oxyphilic cells arranged in anastomosing cords.
Parotid glandParotid glandParotid gland
PatellaPatellaThe flat, triangular bone situated at the anterior part of the KNEE.
PelvisPelvisThe structure of the vertebrate skeleton supporting the lower limbs in humans and the hind limbs or corresponding parts in other vertebrates.
PenisPenisAn external male reproductive organ. It contains a tube called the urethra, which carries semen and urine to the outside of the body.
Peri-orbital Soft TissuePeriorbital Soft TissueOccurring in, or located in the area around the orbit of the eye.: Refers to muscle, fat, fibrous tissue, blood vessels, or other supporting tissue of the body.
PerianusAnal RegionThe area that includes the anus and the perianal skin.
PericardiumPericardiumA conical membranous sac filled with serous fluid in which the heart as well as the roots of the aorta and other large blood vessels are contained.
Peritoneal cavityPeritoneal CavityThe lower part of the abdomen that contains the intestines (the last part of the digestive tract), the stomach, and the liver. It is bound by thin membranes.
PeritoneumPeritoneum(PAIR-ih-toe-NEE-um) The tissue that lines the abdominal wall and covers most of the organs in the abdomen.
PharynxPharynx(FAIR-inks) The hollow tube about 5 inches long that starts behind the nose and ends at the top of the trachea (windpipe) and esophagus (the tube that goes to the stomach).
Pineal GlandPineal GlandA small endocrine gland in the brain, situated beneath the back part of the corpus callosum, that secretes melatonin.
Pituitary glandPituitary GlandA small, unpaired gland situated in the sella turcica tissue. It is connected to the hypothalamus by a short stalk.
PlacentaPlacentaAn organ present in some vertebrates during embryonic gestation that surrounds the fetus and provides it with nutrients and oxygen, facilitates gas and waste exchange between the fetus and mother, and provides parasitic cloaking from the mother's immune system by excretion of neurokinin B.
PleuraPleura(PLOOR-a) A thin layer of tissue covering the lungs and the wall of the chest cavity to protect and cushion the lungs. A small amount of fluid that acts as a lubricant allows the lungs to move smoothly in the chest cavity during breathing.
Popliteal fossaPopliteal fossa structureNo value exists.
ProstateProstateA gland in the male reproductive system just below the bladder. It surrounds part of the urethra, the canal that empties the bladder. It produces a fluid that forms part of semen. (NCI-GLOSS)
PylorusPylorusThe lower part of the stomach that connects to the duodenum.
Rectosigmoid JunctionRectosigmoid RegionAn area of the body consisting of the rectum and the sigmoid colon.
RectumRectumThe terminal portion of the gastrointestinal tract, extending from the rectosigmoid junction to the anal canal.
RetinaRetinaA light-sensitive membrane that lines the back wall of the eyeball. The retina is continuous with the optic nerve and this way transmits optical images to the brain.
Retro-orbital AreaRetro-Orbital RegionThe area of the body behind the orbit of the eye.
RetroperitoneumRetroperitoneumThe back of the abdomen where the kidneys lie and the great blood vessels run.
RibsRibsAny one of the paired bones, 12 on either side, extending from the thoracic vertebrae toward the median line on the ventral aspect of the trunk. The long curved bones which form the rib cage. Generally, ribs 1 to 7 are connected to the sternum' by their costal cartilages and are called true ribs, whereas ribs 8 to 12 are termed false ribs.
Round ligamentRound LigamentNo Value Exists
SacrumSacrumThe wedge-shaped bone consisting of five fused vertebrae, S1-S5 in man, forming the posterior part of the pelvis; its base connects with the lowest lumbar vertebra and its tip with the coccyx.
Salivary glandSalivary GlandAn exocrine gland that secretes saliva. Salivary glands are mostly located in and around the oral cavity.
ScalpScalpThe skin which covers the top of the head and which is usually covered by hair.
ScapulaScapulaNo value exists.
ScrotumScrotumThe musculocutaneous pouch that encloses the testicles. (NCI)
ShoulderShoulder JointThe region of the body between the neck and the upper arm.
Sigmoid colonSigmoid ColonThe portion of the colon that connects to the descending colon above and the rectum below.
Sinus(es)SinusA recess, cavity, or channel.
Sinus(es), MaxillaryMaxillary SinusA pyramidal-shaped, thin-walled, air-filled cavity located in the maxilla. It is lined by mucus membrane and periosteum (mucoperiosteum) which contains cilia. It is adjacent to the nasal cavity and communicates with the middle meatus of the nose. It is the largest paranasal sinus and is composed of three recesses: alveolar, zygomatic, and infraorbital.
Skeletal MuscleSkeletal Muscle TissueStriated muscles that are under voluntary control of the organism. They are connected at either or both ends to a bone and are utilized for locomotion and other movements. (NCI)
SkinSkinAn organ that constitutes the external surface of the body. It consists of the epidermis, dermis, and skin appendages.
SkullSkullThe skeleton of the head including the bones of the face and the bones enclosing the brain.
Small Bowel, Mucosa onlySmall Bowel MucosaThe portion of the digestive tube between the stomach and the cecum or beginning of the large intestine; it consists of three portions: duodenum, jejunum, and ileum. SYN intestinum tenue.: The moist tissue that lines some organs and body cavities (such as the nose, mouth, lungs) and makes mucus (a thick, slippery fluid).
Small intestineSmall IntestineThe portion of the digestive tube between the stomach and the cecum or beginning of the large intestine; it consists of three portions: duodenum, jejunum, and ileum. SYN intestinum tenue.
Soft TissueSoft tissueRefers to muscle, fat, fibrous tissue, blood vessels, or other supporting tissue of the body.
Spinal CordSpinal CordThe elongated, approximately cylindrical part of the central nervous system of vertebrates that lies in the vertebral canal and from which the spinal nerves emerge.|On-line Medical Dictionary
SpineVertebral ColumnThe spinal or vertebral column.
Spine/FemurVertebral Column and FemurThe spinal or vertebral column.: An article which expresses the relation of connection or addition. It is used to conjoin a word with a word, a clause with a clause, or a sentence with a sentence.: The longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.: Named locations of, or within, the body.
Spine/Femur/RadiusVertebral Column and Femur RadiusThe spinal or vertebral column.: An article which expresses the relation of connection or addition. It is used to conjoin a word with a word, a clause with a clause, or a sentence with a sentence.: The longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.: A straight line from the center to the perimeter of a circle or from the center to the surface of a sphere.
SpleenSpleenAn organ that produces lymphocytes, filters the blood, stores blood cells, and destroys those that are aging. It is located on the left side of the abdomen near the stomach. (OCC)
Splenic FlexureSplenic FlexureThe bend at the junction of the transverse and descending colon.
SternumSternumNo value exists.
StomachStomachThe organ located between the esophagus and the small intestine where digestion of food occurs before passing to the small intestine.
Stomach, Mucosa onlyStomach MucosaThe organ located between the esophagus and the small intestine where digestion of food occurs before passing to the small intestine.: The moist tissue that lines some organs and body cavities (such as the nose, mouth, lungs) and makes mucus (a thick, slippery fluid).
Subcutaneous tissueSubcutaneous TissueBeneath the skin.: An anatomical structure consisting of similarly specialized cells and intercellular matrix, aggregated according to genetically determined spatial relationships, performing a specific function.
SynoviumSynovial MembraneThe inner layer of the connective tissue that seals the joint.
TendonTendonA band of fibrous connective tissue that joins bone to muscle.
TesticleTesticleEither of the paired male reproductive glands that produce the male germ cells and the male hormones.
ThighThighA part of the lower limb, located between hip and knee.
Thoracic spineThoracic spineThose vertebrae of the thoracic region, T1-T12 in man.
Thoracic/Lumbar spineThoracic And Lumbar Spine(thor-ASS-ik) Having to do with the chest.: An article which expresses the relation of connection or addition. It is used to conjoin a word with a word, a clause with a clause, or a sentence with a sentence.: Those vertebrae between the ribs and the pelvis, L1-L5 in man.
ThoraxThoraxThe upper part of the trunk between the neck and the abdomen. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
ThroatThroatThe narrow passage from the mouth to the cavity at the back of the mouth.
ThymusThymusAn organ that is part of the lymphatic system, in which T lymphocytes grow and multiply. The thymus is in the chest behind the breastbone.
Thyroid glandThyroid Gland(THIGH-royd) A gland located beneath the voice box (larynx) that produces thyroid hormone. The thyroid helps regulate growth and metabolism.
TibiaTibiaThe second longest bone of the skeleton. It is located on the medial side of the lower leg, articulating with the FIBULA laterally, the TALUS distally, and the FEMUR proximally.
TongueTongueThe muscular organ located in the floor of the mouth and serving as the principal organ of taste and modification of the voice in speech.
Tongue, Base of tongueBase of the TongueThe posterior one third of the tongue behind the terminal sulcus that forms the anterior aspect of the oro-pharynx responsible for swallowing and modification of the voice in speech.
TonsilTonsilSmall masses of lymphoid tissue on either side of the throat.
Tonsil, PharyngealTonsillar TissueA fold of lymphatic tissue covered by ciliated epithelium at the very back of the nose, in the roof of the nasopharynx.
TracheaTracheaThe cartilaginous and membranous tube descending from the larynx and branching into the right and left main bronchi.
Trachea/Major BronchiTrachea and Main BronchusThe cartilaginous and membranous tube descending from the larynx and branching into the right and left main bronchi.: The left and right main bronchi considered as a group.
Transverse ColonTransverse ColonThe third division of the colon (large intestine). It communicates with the ascending colon in the upper right-hand quadrant of the abdomen and the descending colon in the upper left-hand quadrant.
TrunkTrunkThe body excluding the head and neck and limbs.
Trunk, SuperficialSuperficial TrunkOf little substance or significance; involving only a surface.: The body excluding the head and neck and limbs.
Umbilical CordUmbilical CordExtraembryonic structure that connects the fetus to the placenta. It contains two arteries and one vein.
Upper extremityUpper ExtremityDefinition not available.
UreterUreterThe thick-walled tube that carries urine from each kidney to the bladder.
UrethraUrethra(yoo-REE-thra) The tube through which urine leaves the body. It empties urine from the bladder.
Urinary tractUrinary SystemThe organs of the body that produce and discharge urine. These include the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.
UterusUterusA hollow, thick-walled, muscular organ located within the pelvic cavity of a woman. Within the uterus the fertilized egg implants and the fetus develops during pregnancy.
UvulaUvulaThe fleshy lobe that hangs at the back of the soft palate.
VaginaVaginaThe female genital canal, extending from the uterus to the vulva.
Vas DeferensVas DeferensDuct carrying spermatozoa.
VeinVeinA blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart.
Vena Cava, Inferior/SuperiorVena CavaA large vein which returns blood from the head, neck and extremeties to the heart.
VertebraVertebraAny of the ring-shaped bony structures that constitute the spinal column and surround the spinal cord.
Vertebral columnVertebral ColumnThe spinal or vertebral column.
VulvaVulvaThe external, visible part of the female genitalia surrounding the urethral and vaginal opening. The vulva includes the clitoris and inner as well as outer labia.
Whole bodyBodyThe entire physical structure of an organism. It is composed of anatomic systems, regions, cavities, and spaces.
WristWristA joint between the distal end of the radius and the proximal row of carpal bones. (NCI)