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Protégé and UTF-8

Protégé is utf-8 compatible, which means it can process and display utf-8 characters. In the course of editing, many editors prepare their concepts or concept information in Microsoft Word or Excel. They then copy from Microsoft and paste into Protégé. This can cause problems because Microsoft is not purely utf-8 compatible. The paste operation can introduce characters that Protégé does not know how to process. The instructions below show how to avoid these problems.

Table of characters in Microsoft and their utf-8 equivalents

Thanks to Interwingly for providing this table.

If you are running on a Microsoft platform, or cut and paste from documents produced by Microsoft software, or even allow comments to be posted by people who might be doing one of the above, you need to be aware of the differences, summarized by the following table.

character

win-1252 decimal

win-1252 hex

win-1252 octal

unicode html

unicode xml

unicode url

128

80

200

€
€

%E2%82%AC

130

82

202

‚
‚

%E2%80%9A

ƒ

131

83

203

ƒ
ƒ

%C6%92

132

84

204

„
„

%E2%80%9E

133

85

205

…
…

%E2%80%A6

134

86

206

†
†

%E2%80%A0

135

87

207

‡
‡

%E2%80%A1

ˆ

136

88

210

ˆ
ˆ

%CB%86

137

89

211

‰
‰

%E2%80%B0

Š

138

8A

212

Š
Š

%C5%A0

139

8B

213

‹
‹

%E2%80%B9

Œ

140

8C

214

Œ
Œ

%C5%92

Ž

142

8E

216

&x17D;
Ž

%C5%BD

145

91

221

‘
‘

%E2%80%98

146

92

222

’
’

%E2%80%99

147

93

223

“
“

%E2%80%9C

148

94

224

”
”

%E2%80%9D

149

95

225

•
•

%E2%80%A2

150

96

226

–
–

%E2%80%93

151

97

227

—
—

%E2%80%94

˜

152

98

230

˜
˜

%CB%9C

153

99

231

™
™

%E2%84%A2

š

154

9A

232

š
š

%C5%A1

155

9B

233

›
›

%E2%80%BA

œ

156

9C

234

œ
œ

%C5%93

ž

158

9E

236

ž
ž

%C5%BE

Ÿ

159

9F

237

Ÿ
Ÿ

%C5%B8


160

A0


 
 

%C2%A0

82112013
–
 

82122014
—
 

82172019
’
 








Converting Microsoft Characters to UTF-8 in Word 2003

Thanks to Liverpool John Mores University for providing the following instructions:

  • Once your editing in Word is complete, choose File->Save As...
    Plain Text option in the File Name field of the Save As dialog box.
  • Choose from the format drop-menu the option 'Plain Text (.txt)*'
  • Save the file to a known location, your desktop for example.
  • Before the file saves, a dialog box will appear asking you about encoding: Choose 'other encoding'.
  • Then make sure you check the 'Allow Character Substitution' box.
  • Your document is then previewed, and you will see all characters such as 'curly quotes' are replaced with 'safe' ones.
    File Conversion dialog box.
    You can then open the saved .txt file and safely copy the contents you require into a web page that uses UTF-8 encoding.

Converting Microsoft Characters to UTF-8 in Word and Excel 2007

For Word and Excel 2007, the instructions are the same

  • Go to File > Save As
  • In the lower left you will see the option "Tools"
    screenshot illustrating step
  • Within the Tools drop down, select Web Options
    screenshot illustrating step
  • In the Web Options dialog, go to the Encoding tab and select UTF-8
    screenshot illustrating step

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