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Definition of project

The goal of this project is to create a survey of Publicly Available InVivo Medical Imaging Archives and the underlying software capabilities. It is generally agreed that there is a need for public medical imaging archives to provide the biomedical research community, industry, and academia with access to images that support:

  • Lesion detection and classification
  • Accelerated diagnostic imaging decision
  • Quantitative imaging assessment of drug response

The purpose of this project is to provide a practical guide for the community which allows them to assess existing software and instantiations that are appropriate to their research or clinical needs.

Publicly Hosted Biomedical Imaging Archives

 

NCI's NBIA node

Central XNAT

NIST

LONI/ADNI

NIAMS NBIA

NDAR

Give A Scan

NA-MIC

Pediatric MRI Data Repository

EORTC

MIDAS

Sponsor(s)

Cancer Imaging Program, caBIG

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Content Type

In Vivo Cancer Imaging

 

 

Alzheimer's Medical Imaging

Osteoarthritis

Autism Research

Patient-contributed Medical scans

 

 

 

 

Archive Software

NBIA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supported Operating Systems

Linux, Mac?, Windows?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Active development Team/Community

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Central curation/review

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Explicit data sharing policy (link)

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

Availability/Uptime

99%?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Submission Technology

CTP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Standard of De-Identification

Supplement 142 w/ Keep Description, Retain Device Info options enabled

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Support for multi-site submissions

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Project- or collection- based groupings?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Size of Current Volume

~3TB

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

None

 

Federated implementation

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Public API

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

number of DICOM Tags query-able

~90?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DICOM transfer protocol

For submission, but not download

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

methods to download DICOM data

Web, FTP, Java Webstart client

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Affiliation with Journal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ISP

caBIG

NCI/CBIIT NBIA - http://imaging.nci.nih.gov

  • Need to find out what other NBIA nodes are actually deployed on the grid (2 others show up right now, no visible data in either - this may be irrelevant)

LONI

Image Data Archive - http://www.loni.ucla.edu/Research/Databases/http://www.loni.ucla.edu/

  • Uses LONI Image Data Archive, not sure if this can be deployed and hosted elsewhere for other archives if desired.  Did not immediately notice any place to download the code.
  • Requires secure login, has role based access to various Projects in their archive.
  • Allows search based on project (prior to the simple query page) via Simple or Advanced query.  Simple query contains subject ID, modality, research group, series description, weighting, sex, age, slice thickness, and acquisition plane.  Advanced query offers a wide variety of 27 different search criteria pertaining to the patient, project, clinical info, study info, and image attributes. (Note: advanced query only seems to be an option with ADNI data set)
  • Viewing images in the web site launches "LONI Image Viewer", a java based viewer which lets you scan through image slices in axial/sagittal/coronal orientations as well as zoom, pan, flip (horizontal/vertical) and adjust brightness and contrast.
  • Can add specific series/studies to custom collections, collections can then be downloaded or shared.  Download can be in native DICOM format or in NiFTI/ANALYZE/MINC formats? I've heard of NiFTI, not sure what the other options are.  Download is managed through a java applet, came with images and a couple XML files containing some patient and equipment metadata.
  • Data collections include:
    • Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) - Consists of both image data (MRI and PET), image meta-data, and additional clinical/genetic/numeric summary data for 895 patients
    • BRIN - Logged in with my "ADNI (GUEST)" access this Project only appeared to have one 3 year old patient, no description of this data set is on the "Available Data" page
    • Cryosection Imaging (CRYO) - 3 patients, histology modality
    • Public Anonymized Dataset (PAD) - 3 "normal control" patients, MRI modality
    • International Consortium for Brain Mapping (ICBM) - 851 "normal control" patients, modalities including MRI, fMRI, MRA, DTI, and PET.  I do not have access to this data set currently so did not review its contents.
    • Australian Imaging Biomarkers & Lifestyle Flagship Study of Ageing (AIBL) - 285 patients including controls, MCI, and AD subject groups.  Modalities include MRI and PET.  I do not have access to this data set currently so did not review its contents.

BIRN

BIRN data portal: http://www.birncommunity.org/resources/data/

BIRN is connected with multiple institutions which host multiple archives using different software and containing different data sets.

  • Function BIRN Data Repository - http://fbirnbdr.nbirn.net:8080/BDR/
    • Contains 5 data sets according to the BIRN data page (but it's actually 4). 
    • On the home page it displays a description of each data set and then presents pre-packaged data files in a drill down tree style menu which lists what appears to be individual patients in some cases, individual image studies in others.
    • Querying across the data is possible using meta data.  It does not appear query against DICOM tags is possible.
    • The site itself seems to be a custom web site, not something that could be easily used for other archives.
    • Downloads happen in the browser.  You choose what you want to download, it is processed on the server and there is an alert that notifies you when your "job" is ready for download.  Testing a 100mb patient download I was notified pretty quickly that my job was done, but getting the job page to load took about a minute before I was presented with a small table of information and buttons to actually download the file.  Pressing the download button resulted in saving a .TAR file to my computer.  TAR structure contained many subdirectories sorted by study then series and so on.  Images contained DCM file extension and there were also a couple XML files included with some meta-data.
    • The data sets include the following (but the last one is not yet posted, may never be since this was done in 2007):
      • BrainScape Resting State fMRI Dataset 1 - This dataset includes seventeen healthy subjects with four resting state fixation scans plus one T1 scan and one T2 scan.
      • BrainScape Resting State fMRI Dataset 2 - This dataset includes ten healthy subjects scanned 3 times with 3 conditions: eyes open, eyes closed, and fixating in addition to two anatomical scans (T1 and T2).
      • Neuroimaging Calibration Study (Phase II) - The FBIRN multi-site dataset of subjects with schizophrenia and controls includes functional MRI images, behavioral data, demographic, and clinical assessments on 253 subjects from around the US.
      • Traveling subjects study (Phase I) - This dataset includes five healthy subjects imaged twice at each of ten FBIRN MRI scanners on successive days.
  • NIRL Imaging Database - http://nirlarc.duhs.duke.edu/nirle/
    • Uses XNAT for the archive software (unsure what version or if any major customizations were made)
    • Contains both image data and meta-data
    • Includes the following data sets:
      • Efficient Longitudinal Upload of Depression in the Elderly (ELUDE) - The ELUDE dataset is a longitudinal study of late-life depression at Duke University. There are 281 depressed subjects and 154 controls included (435 total patients). An MR scan of each subject was obtained every 2 years for up to 8 years (total of 1093 scans). Clinical assessments occurred more frequently and consists of a battery of psychiatric tests including several depression-specific tests.
      • Multisite Imaging Research In the Analysis of Depression (MIRIAD) - A multiple institution study of structural MRI, including raw PD and T2 MRIs and derived measures of white matter changes, basal ganglia and other regions. Demographic and extensive clinical assessment data is available for each case. (100 patients)
  • Central XNAT- http://central.xnat.org/

NAMIC

NAMIC Image Gallery: http://www.na-mic.org/publications/gallery

Lung Cancer Alliance: Give A Scan

http://www.giveascan.org/

NDAR

http://ndar.nih.gov/ndarpublicweb/aboutNDAR.go

Pediatric MRI Data Repository

https://nihpd.crbs.ucsd.edu/nihpd/info/data_access.html

NIH Image Bank

http://media.nih.gov/imagebank/index.aspx

EORTC

  http://www.eortc.be/services/forms/erp/default.aspx

EORTC TUMOR BANK (pathology)

MIDAS

 http://midas.osa.org/midaspub/\\

Image archive software solutions

 

NBIA

XNAT

NIST

OpenPacs

DCM4CHEE

 

Interface/GUI

Web

Web

 

 

 

 

Query flexibility

 

 

 

 

 

 

Role Based Security

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Public access option

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

Active Development


 

 

 

 

 

Supports Federated Implementation

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

API available

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supported image formats

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supported metadata formats

 

 

 

 

 

 

Helpdesk support

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transfer protocols (import/export)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Controlled Vocabulary

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deployment Support

 

 

 

 

 

 

NBIA

https://gforge.nci.nih.gov/frs/?group_id=312

Xnat

http://www.xnat.org/
http://www.xnat.org/2010+XNAT+Workshop+Agenda

OpenPacs

http://www.mii.ucla.edu/index.php/MainSite:OpenSourcePacsDocumentationImageServer

DCM4CHEE

http://www.dcm4che.org/confluence/display/ee2/Home

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